Hundreds of Red Shades with Names and Hex Codes
Here is the longest list of red colors of different shades, tones and tints in the world, all with their names and HEX codes. They are organized by logical groups, depending on their similarities, name origins, or other common characteristics. Please note, in spite of careful checking of dozens of resources there may still be some discrepancies between this list (most complete in the WEB at the moment and still rising) and other respectful sites, dealing with colors and design.
Our basic aim is to provide a fast comparison between red colors for a wide variety of users, being artists, designers or just curious minds. If you find this list useful, please share it with your friends, readers of your blog or any other people who may find it interesting. Color red, after all, is the most intense color and actually the oldest in all known languages (right behind black and white, which are, technically speaking not real colors). The red color is so old, in some of the languages (like Latin) the word for ‘colored’ and ‘red’ is actually the same.
#FF0000 Red 1 (Safe 16 SVG Hex 3)
#EE0000 Red 2 (Hex 3)
#CD0000 Red 3
#8B0000 (Dark) Red 4 (SVG)
#FE2712 Red (RYB)
As you probably already know, there are several standards dealing with Web colors and even at so basic color as red is, we soon bump into the lack of expressions. Adding a number to the name is a simple and effective solution, but doesn’t give any additional info to the end user. From the user’s point of view, an adjective like dark gives much more sense than number 4. Here is a group of such reds:
#ED1C24 Red (Pigment)
#E72512 Pure Red
#BC243C True Red (Pantone)
#FF0033 Bright Red (Safe Hex3)
#922A31 Bright Red (Resene)
While the names are relatively explicit, we still can’t seriously work without their HEX values.
#BD4255 International Light Red
#F70000 Luminous Red
#AB4E52 Moderate Red
#E58E73 Middle Red (Crayola)
#D92121 Maximum Red (Crayola)
Darker tones of red are verging to the purple or brown very soon.
#5C0923 Very Deep Red
#FF355E Radical Red
#722F37 Dark Red aka Wine (ISCC NBS)
#3F1728 Very Dark Red
#3A181A Rustic Red
Unfortunately, these names rely too much on personal preferences and lack of absolute values, what could help to standardize a perception of a specific color in all its shades, tones, tints etc. There were several attempts to make a list of colors where everybody understands what color is associated with each specific name. These attempts were only partly successful. First of all, we are dealing with word meanings, which can be similarly subjective like the perception of colors. Then there were different interests (and powers) of groups who tried to establish the standards. And there was, of course, nonstop progress in technology. If at certain moments computers displayed only 16 different colors, today’s graphic cards show more than four million colors and they would produce even more, but the human eye can hardly recognize an even small portion of them.
#F2003C Red (Munsell)
#EE204D Red (Crayola)
#C40233 Red (NCS)
#EF3340 Red (Pantone)
#E60026 Red (G&S … Rosa Gallego & Juan Carlos Sanz)
Now it’s clear the word red simply can’t describe the color because there are so many nuances. There are few other words with essentially the same meaning, often with vague origins, sometimes coming from raw materials, sometimes mistranslated, and always leading to more variety at naming, what gives more opportunity at the description on one hand but also more confusion on the other.
Here is a family of carmine colors:
#FF0038 Carmine Red
#801522 Carmine (Sherwin-Williams)
#D70040 Rich Carmine aka Carmine (M&P)
#A9203E Deep Carmine
Carmine color got its name after several types of insects (cochineal) which were powdered and boiled in sodium or ammonia carbonate or cooked in boiled water with the addition of different chemicals. It’s pretty clear different shades of carmine came into the market way before this color actually got any kind of official name.
#EF2929 Scarlet Red 1
#CC0000 Scarlet Red 2 aka Boston University Red
#A40000 Scarlet Red 3 aka Dark Candy Apple Red
#560319 Dark Scarlet
If we can say carmine is slightly purplish, scarlet is more inclined to the orange, what means it has some yellow instead of blue in the mix. You can bet there are more than five shades of scarlet, and we are continuing with another set with names of various origins.
#8C1717 Scarlet (Netscape)
#FF3300 Scarlet (Websafe Hex 3) aka Nectarine
#FD0E35 Scarlet aka Tractor Red aka Torch Red (Crayola, since 1998)
#FC2847 Scarlet (Crayola, since 2004)
#CD392A Scarlet (AS 2700)
By the way AS stands for Australian Standard. Yes, they have slightly different perception of scarlet Down Under! It’s only fair to also mention scarlett with a double t before we continue with the family of crimson colors.
#7E2530 Scarlett (Resene)
#78184A Crimson (NBS ISCC TC) aka Deep Purplish Red
#711922 Crimson Red
#582124 Burnt Crimson
The origin of word crimson is similar as the word carmine – it comes from the name of the insect Kermes vermilio (please note: there is a family of vermilion colors too and tjhe list is coming soon!), which was originally used as the source of dye. Today it is generally accepted the word for a family of strong red colors with a pinch of blueish tone. In general, it has more of the blue than carmine
#C63927 Vermilion (RAL Color Standard)
#D9381E Medium Vermilion (Plochere)
#E34234 Vermilion (Cinnabar)
#CC474B English Vermilion (Crayola)
And there is also a shade of red called Vermillion (double l) with HEX value #F4320C listed in XKCD list of colors. XKCD is a Randall Munroe’s Web comic and one of his online projects was a color name survey with around quarter of million participants who suggested 954 names for different colors, including Vermillion.
How About HEX Values for Red Pigments?
According to the origin of pigment, trade route or tradition of usage, many types of red became strongly associated with certain countries. English Vermilion above is only one of them. We have also mentioned Spanish Red (Rojo) aka Red (G&S – after Rosa Gallego and Juan Carlos Sanz) with HEX code #E60026.
#E0162B Old Glory Red
#D43D1A English Red
#AB4B52 English Red (X11)
#FF5C5C Indian Red
#B94E48 (Deep) Indian Red (Crayola) aka (Deep) Chestnut (Crayola)
Old Glory is a nickname of the American flag and now you have the HTML code for the red color in it. All English and Indian reds are a different story. They are colors of soil or dirt from India, rich with iron oxide. There are several iron oxides, varying in reddish and brownish tones and the percentage of these oxides is varying too, so there are several shades with similar or even the same name.
#CD5C5C Indian Red (SVG)
#FF6A6A Indian Red 1
#EE6363 Indian Red 2
#CD5555 Indian Red 3
#8B3A3A Indian Red 4
Let’s have a few words abut Indian Red (again – called after the color of the soil in India). Crayola produces this color from 1958, but in 1999 after a suggestion of worrying parents believing this name suggest the color of the skin of American Indians, changed the name into Maroon, so you’ll find this very same color in the boxes with color pencils with this name. It was also named Vermont maple syrup in a special limited edition.
We have already mentioned insects, by which carmine and crimson colors got their names. Several of that pigments came to Europe after Spain conquered Mexico and introduced kermes insects to the dye market. Thanks to that fact and overall importance of Spanish traders we have colors named after this country. Similar stories are explaining the name of Persian reds in the next set of red colors.
#D10047 Spanish Carmine
#E51A4C Spanish Crimson
#CC3333 Persian Red
#4F212A Persian Red (Resene)
#683332 Persian Plum
The most known color in next group is probably Chinese Red, originally made from powdered cinnabar and from 8th (!) century from a synthesis of mercury and sulfur. Considering numerous factors affecting the tone of final dye, it should be not surprising if we find several relatively different shades with the same name – Chinese Red – in our case displayed only with one example.
#9B3D3D Mexican Red
#A91101 Turkey Red
#9D2933 Japanese Carmine
#AA381E Chinese Red aka China Red
#C54F33 Trinidad Red
Just like countries, other places helped to name a wide variety of red shades as well. The first presented family is Venetian red. These tones were originally achieved by iron oxide pigment, in last decades made by synthesis. A pigment is associated with two important ports: Venice (surprise, surprise) and Sinop, Turkey, thus being called sinopia as well. Venetian red was for centuries one of the most starting points for painting skin (especially among Rennesance artists). The desired tone of the skin was achieved by mixing sinopia with lime white (approximately two parts of Venetian red and one part of Lime white).
#C80815 Venetian Red
#5B1F22 Venetian Red (Resene)
#B33B24 Dark Venetian Red (Crayola)
#CC553D Venetian Red (Crayola)
#E6735C Light Venetian Red (Crayola)
Tuscany is a region in Italy, but Tuscan Red has nothing to do with it. It’s actually kind of a signature color of Pennsylvania, USA, where it was used for coloring passenger cars at the railroad. Similarly, the closely related color came into use in Canada and Australia. The color is originally based on iron oxides (family of Indian Reds), but due instability dyes based on aniline became the standard.
#7C3030 Tuscan Red
*Tuscany (Resene) #AD6242
*Tuscan Tan #A67B5B
As you noticed, all the most popular tones of Tuscan red possess pretty high values of green, what relates the whole family with brown colors. There is also a well-known color Tuscan Brown with HEX code #6F4E37. We’ll continue with Italy and several antique / historical places, where specific types of reds got their names.
#9E3332 Milano Red
#940000 Pompeii Red
#9E1316 Spartan Crimson
#99002 Tyrian Red aka Tyrian Purple
Most of the presented names are self-explanatory, maybe we should just clarify the name Falu Red, named after Falun, Sweden, where well-known copper mine is located. You’ll also notice Kobe, Japan, for most of us best known by the most famous beef in the world. Bordeaux, on the other hand, is famous due their (red!) wine. We’ll deal with wine related reds soon. Or maybe a bit later – there are many groups to explore out there!
#801818 Falu Red
#CB6F4A Red Damask
Considering the importance of red, definitely the most powerful color in the spectrum, we can expect it as an official color or part of official palette at important organizations. Let’s start with universities:
#CB333B Louisiana Tech University
#990000 USC (University of South Carolina) Cardinal Red aka Crimson Tide (University of Alabama) aka OU Crimson Red (University of Oklahoma)
#B70101 University of Wisconsin–Madison aka Badger Red
#C8102E University of Huston
#B31B1B Cornell Red aka Carnelian
It’s not surprising to find out several universities use the same tone of red like we can see at code #990000, sometimes also named Crimson Red (we have already presented different color with the same name and different HEX value) or Stizza. The word stizza is of Italian origin and it essentially means anger. We’ll deal with red shades related with emotions later.
#8C1515 Cardinal Red (Stanford University)
#BB0000 Ohio State University Red
#CC0033 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey Red
#7B1113 (University of Philippines) UP Maroon aka Tibetan Red
#D9004C UA (University of Arizona) Red
One of the reds above is called Maroon, after the marron, what is a French word for chestnut. We’ll take some time for the family of maroon colors, brownish red tones, later, where we’ll deal with red in nature, especially in the world of plants. Let’s complete the series of reds, assigned with universities.
#E8000D KU Crimson (University of Kansas)
#841617 Oklahoma Crimson
#AF002A Alabama Crimson
#D3003F Utah Crimson (University of Utah)
#C90016 Harvard Crimson
We can find the color for Harvard Crimson Red under #A51C30 value too. Some of the universities use more than one tone of red for their logotypes, team dresses, etc., what means you should check at their official sites before using any of this information. We will continue with another set of red colors, this time, assigned with authority in general.
As you know, red is associated with aggression and (mostly) masculine power. Red, scarlet, carmine and crimson were colors worn by important and influential people many centuries before these colors got their names. Let’s introduce the first set of reds with names suggesting an absolute power:
#ED2939 Imperial Red
#901E1D Insignia Red
#C13311 Regency Red
#853E3C Monarch (BS 4800)
In the case you don’t know BS stands for British Standard. Being among royalties and other authorities, let’s look at church dignitaries too. There is a whole family of red shades named after cardinals (we have actually already seen some of them), who were among first who wore gowns of such colors. Please be aware red color was not allowed for regular people in many cultures. You’ll soon see how is this color popular among car makers and in traffic in general.
#C41E3A Cardinal (Maerz and Paul)
#8A244E Cardinal (Resene)
#9D101C Cardinal (Sherwin-Williams)
#D41F18 Ford Cardinal Red
#B5342D General Motors Cardinal Red
The color red is strongly related to several brands in automobile industry and Ferrari is among most popular ones. Apparently, this is not enough because the manufacturers decided to associate a specific color for racing cars coming from Italy. Abarth, Alfa Romeo, Ferrari, Lancia and Maserati all used this color, which was adopted in honor of Prince Scipione Borghese who won the race from Peking to Paris in 1907 in – red colored Ferrari.
#FF2800 Ferrari Red
#D40000 Rosso Corsa
#F24816 Rail Red aka Azo Orange
#A0333A Aircraft Red aka CARC (Civil Aviation Regulatory Commission) Aircraft Red, ANA 619 aka International Red
#AF1E2D Sign Red
Ferrari Red is associated with #FF1C00 as well. Traffic is of course closely related to danger, signals, safety, prevention and exclusion. We find it in several standardized tones of red, which can be, despite different HTML / RGB / HEX codes pretty similar to each other.
#A6001A W3-Highway-Red aka DoT Highway Red
#BD1E24 W3-Safety-Red aka OSHA Safety Red
#9D3C3F 11086 DoT Highway Red (Federal standard 595)
#9E3A40 11105 OSHA Safety Red, DoT Red (Federal standard 595)
#B04243 11120 OSHA Safety Red (Federal standard 595)
According to different standards and acceptable tolerance we can find some of the mentioned colors with same names and different HTML codes. We have similar situation in the next group too. By the way: RAL (Reichs-Ausschuß für Lieferbedingungen und Gütesicherung – Imperial Commission for Delivery Terms and Quality Assurance) is a well-known and widely used European color standard.
#BA312B Signal Red (AS 2700)
#A02128 Signal Red (RAL 3001)
#E03C31 tudi #E23D28 CG Red (Coast Guard)
#A93D43 Coast Guard Buoy Red
#E62200 Coast Guard Red #40
For Coast Guard we actually have at least two different hues of red, apart from #E03C31 they use #E23D28 too. The power of color red was always present at dominant, controlling people and organisations. We are not surprised finding it transformed into the world of giant corporations as well. Some of presented HTML codes are simulated hex values.
#D50F25 tudi HEX: #EA4335 Google Red
#C4302B Youtube Red
#CA0002 CNN Red
Google Red is known for another HEX code: #EA4335. Red color is extremely important in all areas, where we want to focus attention of the observer on something specific. While human eye yellow is most to yellow color, we use red for another reason, based on hard science. John William Strutt, more known as Lord Rayleigh found out it’s red which thanks to its highest wavelength in the visual spectra disperse least of all colors. This guarantees we’ll see red signs best of all.
#B44441 Post Office Red
#CE2029 Fire Engine Red
#FF5333 Safety Cone
#C1121C Traffic Red (RAL 3020)
We all know how we use red color to mark important facts (underlined in red, being in red numbers) and the names in the next set of reds show exactly that.
#C51F1F Find The Company Red
#883531 Totem Pole
#AD522E Red Stage
It really doesn’t matter if we want to warn or attract somebody, red is here to give you a heads up. We often say it’s a warm color, but in sometimes it is more than warm – it’s hot!
#AB2524 Flame Red
#F60018 Laured aka Torch
We have more reds (although quite brownish and purplish) with names associated with heat, flames and fire:
#633528 Hairy Heath
#8F3F2A Fire (Resene)
Before we turn towards to the brown side let’s see some more!
#F9423A Warm Red (Crayola)
#FF3855 Sizzling Red (Crayola)
#FF404C Sunburnt Cyclops
#B22222 Fire Brick (SVG)
The family of fire brick colors belongs to the scarlet reds and their name came from the color of bricks, which were (and still are) made in a fire.
#FF3030 Fire Brick 1
#EE2C2C Fire Brick 2
#CD2626 Fire Brick 3
#8B1A1A Fire Brick 4
#8E2323 Fire Brick 5
Being the sign of nobility and prestige, it’s only natural to expect red colors named after precious or semiprecious stones.
#9B111E Ruby Red
#841B2D Antique Ruby aka Deep Red
#D10056 Rubine Red
Ruby ( a chemical mixture of aluminum oxide with microelements, namely chromium) is by far the most popular red color related to minerals.
#AA4069 Ruby (Crayola)
#843F5B *Ruby (BS 381)
#711521 Pearl Ruby Red
#9C2542 (approx) Big Dip O’Ruby (Metallic FX Crayola)
(Of course BS stands for British Standards.) With such popularity, we can only expect to have several ruby colors in numerous existing standards. Garnet, geranium, and other gemstones are less known and standardization is much easier, although far from being simple.
Please note, all metallic colors (like Big Dip O’Ruby) are only HEX approximations because currently there is no mechanism to display exact metallic effect on computer screens.
#943543 Garnet (Pantone)
#BC3F4A Geranium aka Sanguine aka Strong Red
#933D41 Smokey Topaz
#832A0D Smokey Topaz (Crayola)
All kinds of chemical substances can be red or reddish colored, and some of the chemicals gave their names to specific red tints. In all cases, the color is dependent on the ion state in the substance. Iron, for instance, can be of reddish or greenish color, depending on the electron structures of the compounds (that’s why most of the beer and wine bottles are brownish or greenish).
#E30022 Cadmium Red
#E3170D Cadmium Red Deep
#FF030D Cadmium Red Light
#71006A Cobalt Red Violet
The most known, yet far from being among most popular substances is rust. When iron is exposed to oxygen and if there’s some water (vapors are enough) it changes color from shiny silverish to reddish brown. Here are some colors, related to that tones.
#D0674F Red Dust
#DA2C43 Rusty Red
#B47360 Rust Red
#E44C9A Pantone Uncoated Rhodamine Red
The most known metal of red color is copper and we didn’t forget to include few examples of these shades of red as well. To be honest, most of us would put all of them into browns.
#CB6D51 Copper Red
#6C322E Kenyan Copper
#6E3D34 Metallic Copper
#663334 Red Oxide
#5D1F1E Red Oxide (Resine)
Most types of soil are brown and some of them can have pretty intensively reddish tones. In the majority of cases, the reason is iron oxide, which is roughly just a fancy name for rust.
#8E3928 Red Prairie
#9A150E Red Ochre
#FF5721 Flesh Ochre
#E2725B Terra Cotta
#CC4E5C Dark Terra Cotta
We could go on and on with soils, but’ it’s probably better to save colors like Prairie Sand (HEX #883C32) or Clay Pot (HEX #9A4A33) for a separate article, dedicated to color brown. While we slowly moved from inorganic to organic nature, we can now continue with plants, known by red color. Or – better – with tones of red, named after different plants.
#673F45 Beetroot (California paint)
#9B2335 Chili Pepper
While everybody knows how a beetroot or paprika, two typically red plants look, we mostly associate word bittersweet with taste or feelings. We’ll meet a family of reds related with feeling later, but at this moment only say we are not dealing with anything abstract. Bittersweet is just another word for bitter nightshade, also called climbing nightshade, poisonberry, felonwood (Solanum dulcamara) with characteristic red berries. This color can qualify among orange too.
How about another set of plants, associated with color red?
#672F30 Japanese Maple
Plants above have red blossoms, berries, leaves, wood or some combination of above. To make a comparison, we present a photo of crabapple from Pixabay.
We are not finished yet.
#BE0032 Pimento aka Vivid Red (Resene) aka Crimson Glory
#5B342E Redwood (Resene)
Did you know pimento is a kind of paprika? Can you see the similarities of Pohutukawa red color with pohutukawa tree’s blossoms?
Ande there is more!
#8A2A52 Rosebud Cherry
We could go on and on with red colors related with plants, especially if we include all orange, pink, purple or brown shades, but instead of that let’s focus only on ones that are the most known by signature red color. Tomato, a so-called fruit-vegetable and close relative of before mentioned nightshade is definitely one of them.
#FF6347 Tomato 1 (SVG)
#EE5C42 Tomato 2
#CD4F39 Tomato 3
#8B3626 Tomato 4
#9C322E Tomato Red
We should not forget a rhubarb, which is in many areas very popular in the kitchen too.
(To be continued …)