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Hues, Shades and Tints of Purple – Common Names, Their RGB and HEX Codes

More than 100 purple shades with names, hexadecimal codes and RGB values

Welcome to the always growing list of purple colors with their names, HEX codes and RGB values. First of all, we have to offer some kind of definition of purple. For the majority of users, it’s a color made of blue and red, but scientists are much more strict. They, for instance, clearly distinguish between violet (another color between red and blue) and purple colors.

shades-of-purple-color

It is not our intention to go too much into the physical details with exact wavelengths and similar data, because the main purpose of this article is only to inform the readers about different purple shades (or, to be more specific, hues), with corresponding names, HTML codes and other info, useful to amateur or professional designers, stylists, programmers and just everybody who might be interested in naming a certain hue of purple color or finding more about its background.

Many colors, including purples, are connected with interesting stories, what gives us a lovely opportunity to present them in a readable, hopefully, amusing way with all the necessary data, which have been checked in numerous places, including dozens of international standards. Welcome in our exploration of the magic world of purple shades!

What the Word Purple Actually Means?

types-of-purple

#800080 (128, 0, 128) Purple (HTML/CSS color)

#9B30FF (155, 48, 255) Purple 1

#912CEE (145, 44, 238) Purple 2

#7D26CD (125, 38, 205) Purple 3

#551A8B (85, 26, 139) Purple 4

All colors above are called purple, yet they don’t look the same. Similar is the story about the origin of word purple. It probably comes from Greek porphrya, used for the dye obtained from shellfish. It was used for coloring clothes even before Christ’s birth, but thanks to its cost (roughly measured by its weight in silver) mainly reserved for the wealthiest class. Romans changed the name to purpura and in the 7th century, it became purpul in Old English.

It took almost seven more centuries to use the word purpul / purple for the color, not just for a dye, as well.

purple-shades

#A020F0 (160, 32, 240) Purple (X11 color)

#9F00C5 (159, 0, 197) Purple (Munsell)

#85467B (133, 70, 123) Purple (AS 2700)

#4F284B (79, 40, 75) Purple (Murasaki)

#AFADD5 (175, 173, 213) Purple (BS 381)

As you already noticed, the same name is used for more or less similar colors between red and blue. Several standards were established and most of them are still in use in different areas of life. It’s obvious one single word is not enough to describe so different hues, so numerous adjectives were (and are!) used to further explain the color purple.

Different Purple Colors

Naming the colors with a dozen basic terms and set of adjectives is exactly what ISCC (Inter-Society Color Council) tried to establish in 1930. In following years the idea was adjusted and adapted until in 1955 NBS (National Bureau of Standards) published The Color Names Dictionary, where we can find colors like:

shades-of-purple

#9A4EAE (154, 78, 174) Vivid Purple (ISCC-NBS)

#D399E6 (211, 153, 230) Brilliant Purple (ISCC-NBS)

#875692 (135, 86, 146) Strong Purple (ISCC-NBS)

#602F6B ((96, 47, 107)) Deep Purple (ISCC-NBS) aka Imperial Purple

#401A4C (64, 26, 76) Very Deep Purple (ISCC-NBS)

You can imagine this is only a beginning of the list. Combinations of names and modifiers give us 267 categories, but we should know we can’t apply all modifiers to all hues. We will still present 25 different shades of purple according to just to this system.

types-of-purple-colors

#D5BADB (213, 186, 219) Very Light Purple (ISCC-NBS)

#B695C0 (182, 149, 192) Light Purple (ISCC-NBS)

#86608E (134, 96, 142) Moderate Purple (ISCC-NBS) aka Pomp and Power

#563C5C (86, 60, 92) Dark Purple (ISCC-NBS)

#301934 (48, 25, 52) Very Dark Purple (ISCC-NBS)

We could also include colors with adjective purplish as a modifier!

shades-of-purple-names

#D6CADD (214, 202, 221) Very Pale Purple (ISCC-NBS)

#AA98A9 (170, 152, 169) Pale Purple (ISCC-NBS)

#796878 (121, 104, 120) Grayish Purple (ISCC-NBS)

#50404D (80, 64, 77) Dark Grayish Purple (ISCC-NBS)

#291E29 (41, 30, 41) Blackish Purple (ISCC-NBS)

As we can expect, several combinations of modifiers lead to hues very close to gray, what is exactly the same situation as at watercolors, when we mix too many different hues – we’ll get brownish or grayish results.

different-types-of-purple

#870074 (135, 0 ,116) Vivid Reddish Purple (ISCC-NBS)

#9E4F88 (158, 79, 136) Strong Reddish Purple (ISCC-NBS)

#702963 (112, 41, 99) Deep Reddish Purple (ISCC-NBS) aka Byzantium

#54194E (84, 25, 78) Very Deep Reddish_Purple (ISCC-NBS)

#B784A7 (183, 132, 167) Light Reddish Purple (ISCC-NBS)

Next set concludes the selection of purple shades in ISCC-NBS standard.

shades-of-purple-colors

#915C83 (145, 92, 131) Moderate Reddish Purple (ISCC-NBS)

#5D3954 (93, 57, 84) Dark Reddish Purple (ISCC-NBS) aka Dark Byzantium

#341731 (52, 23, 49) Very Dark Reddish Purple (ISCC-NBS)

#AA8A9E (170, 138, 158) Pale Reddish Purple (ISCC-NBS)

#836479 (131, 100, 121) Grayish Reddish Purple (ISCC-NBS)

But it soon became clear this system can’t offer enough, so enthusiasts from all over the world offered more alternatives. In the world of computers numbers were by far the most popular solution in naming the colors and purple is no exception (names are for CSS / HTML):

medium-purple-color

#9370DB (147, 112, 219) Medium Purple

#AB82FF (171, 130, 255) Medium Purple 1

#9F79EE (159, 121, 238) Medium Purple 2

#8968CD (137, 104, 205) Medium Purple 3

#5D478B (93, 71, 139) Medium Purple 4

Unfortunately, numbers don’t guarantee avoidance of confusion. Several companies and organizations suggested different standards. Less known VMG World Wide is only one, yet interesting example, naming similar colors with other numbers:

medium-purple-codes

#7A5DC7 (122, 93, 199) Medium Purple (VMG) aka Purple Sage Bush

#9E7BFF (158, 123, 255) Medium Purple 1 (VMG) aka Purple Mimosa

#9172EC (145, 114, 236) Medium Purple 2 (VMG) aka Crocus Purple

#8467D7 (132, 103, 215) Medium Purple 5 (VMG)

#4E387E (78, 56, 126) Medium Purple 9 (VMG)

Where are the missing numbers? Thanks for asking. Apparently they used the same codes as in CSS coding system above, but ‘moved’ some of them:

 

Medium Purple 3 (VMG) #8968CD (137, 104, 205)

Medium Purple 4 (VMG) #5D478B (093, 071, 139)

Medium Purple 6 (VMG) #9370DB (147, 112, 219)

Medium Purple 7 (VMG) #AB82FF (171, 130, 255)

Medium Purple 8 (VMG) #9F79EE (159, 121, 238)

 

See? We could go on and on with such details, but this is way more than we intend to achieve with this article about the purples.

How About Naming Even More Purples?

Another attempt to name the purple is the addition of descriptive adjective with some kind of association, which may or may not be known to the wider audience.

purple-hex

 

#524F81 (82, 79, 129) Deep Purple (BS381) aka Pageant

#5946B2 (89, 70, 178) Plump Purple (Crayola)

#9EA0D6 (158, 160, 214) Almost Purple (Porter Paints)

#AA00FF (170, 0, 255) Purple 6 (Hex3)

#D982B5 (217, 130, 181) Middle Purple (Crayola)

variations-of-purple

#990099 (‎153, 0, 153) True Purple (Safe Hex3)

#A63A79 (166, 58, 121) Maximum Red Purple (Crayola)

#7F38EC (127, 56, 236) Lovely Purple

#DF00FF (223, 0, 255) Psychedelic Purple aka Phlox (Maerz & Paul)

#3E2F84 (62, 47, 132) Vulgar Purple aka Grape Jelly

Knowing how precious was purple dye we are not surprised to find the name of the color so often associated with royalty and influence:

purple-rgb

#7851A9 (120, 91, 169) Royal Purple (Crayola)

#76406A (118, 64, 106) Regal Purple (Glidden)

#66023C (102, 2, 60) Imperial Purple

#8A244E (138,36,78) Cardinal (Resene)

#E9DCE5 (233,220,229) Little Princess (Porter Paints)

Numerous color and paint makers created their own variations of purple with names alluding power and nobility.

different-shades-of-purple-chart

#6C3082 (108, 48, 130) Eminence

#493F5E (73,63,94) Prince Charming (Disney)

#9678B6 (150, 120, 182) Purple Mountain Majesty

#92717C (146, 113, 124) Sovereign Purple (Sico)

#3B343C (59, 52, 60) Embassy Purple (Ralph Lauren)

Universities incorporated all kinds of purple hues in their logos. As you’ll see, you really have to have a trained eye to spot the difference between next five examples.

purple-colors

#4E2A84 (78, 48, 132) Northwestern Purple (Northwestern University)

#592C82 (81, 40, 136) KSU (Kansas State University) Purple aka Pantone #268

#592A8A (89,42,138) ECU (East Carolina University) Purple

#4F2D7F (79,45,127) University of Central Arkansas

#461D7C (70, 29, 124) LSU (Louisiana State University) Purple

Certain purples became signature colors of internationally successful companies:

shades-of-purple-and-names

#660099 (102,0,153) Fedex

#FF0084 (255,0,132) Flickr

#FF00BF (255,0,191) Lyft

#E20074 (226,0,116) T-Mobile

#C822B0 (200,34,176) Univision

We can also find purple in professional sports. It symbolizes power and ambition. It fuses the energy of red with authority of blue. It is also closely associated with dignity, one of the most important elements in sport, where you should know ho to take wins and losses.

purple-html-code

#552582 (85,37,130) Lakers Purple

#724C9F (114,76,159) Sacramento Kings

#1D1160 (29,17,96) Phoenix Suns

#280353 (40,3,83) Baltimore Ravens

#3B0160 (59,1,96) Minnesota Vikings

Source or location related to purple dye is another inspiration for naming this vibrant color.

purple-colour-shades-chart

#893BFF (137, 59, 255) Aztech Purple

#BD33A4 (189, 51, 164) Byzantine

#AD97B2 (173, 151, 178) Virginia Bluebell (Sico)

#9B84A1 (155, 132, 161) Carolina Plum (Benjamin Moore)

#ECC8EC (236, 200, 236) Corfu Pink

Let’s point out only one of the purple hues in next set. Liseran purple got its name from alizarin, also called Turkey Red, the main ingredient of several dyes. Alizarin was originally made from the roots of flowers in the Madder family. It is the first natural pigment made synthetically (in 1869).

purple-variations

 

#5218FA (82, 24, 250) Han Purple

#523F6E (82, 63, 110) Izmir Purple (Sherwin-Williams)

#DE6FA1 (223, 111, 161) Liseran Purple

#682860 (104, 40, 96) Palatinate

#A2627A (162,98,122) Smyrna Purple

The most famous location by which a name of the color is given is very likely Magenta. It is named after the battle at Magenta, a town in Northern Italy. There French and Sardinian army won a battle against Austrians in 1859. It was a decisive battle, leading to important political changes. An aniline dye, discovered by French chemists Francois Emmanuel Verguin, discovered a few months earlier was named after that battle and here are several shades of Magenta:

different-shades-of-magenta

#FF00FF (255, 0, 255)Magenta (X11, Safe 16) aka Fuchsia (Web, SVG Hex3)

#F433FF (244, 51, 255) Magenta 1

#EE00EE (238, 0, 238) Magenta 2 (Hex3)

#CD00CD (205, 0, 205) Magenta 3 (Hex3)

#8B008B (139, 0, 139) Magenta 4 (X11) aka Dark Magenta (SVG)

As you already noticed among previous hues of purples, some of them look very reddish, while others are much more blueish. Everything goes because technically each color between pure red and pure blue belongs to the purple family. Magenta is a slightly different story. It’s defined as a color made by the equal amount of red and blue.

Thanks to different amounts of green we can still expect numerous variations of magenta. When we start to vary amounts of red/blue or even allow some deviations from equal amounts of both, we soon approach to hundreds and hundreds of magenta shades in this specific subgroup of purple colors as well!

different-colors-magenta

#F984E5 (249, 132, 229) Pale Magenta

#F49AC2 (244, 154, 194) Pastel Magenta

#CF71AF (207, 113, 175) Sky Magenta

#CA1F7B (202, 31, 123) Original Magenta aka Rich Magenta aka Magenta Dye

#CC00CC (204, 0, 204) Deep Magenta

magenta-purple-types

#FF0090 (255, 0, 144) Process magenta aka Pigment magenta aka Printer’s magenta

#F653A6 (246, 83, 166) Magenta (Crayola)

#D0417E (208, 65, 126) Magenta (Pantone)

#FF1DCE (255, 29, 206) Hot Magenta

#8E3A59 (142, 59, 89) Quinacridone Magenta

In case you wonder how Printer’s Magenta got its name, you should know it’s one of three primary colors in a subtractive system and one of so-called three printer’s primaries (with yellow and cyan).

After 105 presented shades of purple we rest our case, but not for long. We haven’t touched the largest family of purples – flowers – at all. This is something for the near future. Stay tuned!

shades-of-red

How Many Different Shades of Red Color are There?

Hundreds of Red Shades with Names and Hex Codes

Here is the longest list of red colors of different shades, tones and tints in the world, all with their names and HEX codes. They are organized by logical groups, depending on their similarities, name origins, or other common characteristics. Please note, in spite of careful checking of dozens of resources there may still be some discrepancies between this list (most complete in the WEB at the moment and still rising) and other respectful sites, dealing with colors and design.

shades-of-red
25 Representative Shades of Red

Our basic aim is to provide a fast comparison between red colors for a wide variety of users, being artists, designers or just curious minds. If you find this list useful, please share it with your friends, readers of your blog or any other people who may find it interesting. Color red, after all, is the most intense color and actually the oldest in all known languages (right behind black and white, which are, technically speaking not real colors). The red color is so old, in some of the languages (like Latin) the word for ‘colored’ and ‘red’ is actually the same.

red-color-code

#FF0000 Red 1 (Safe 16 SVG Hex 3)

#EE0000 Red 2 (Hex 3)

#CD0000 Red 3

#8B0000 (Dark) Red 4 (SVG)

#FE2712 Red (RYB)

As you probably already know, there are several standards dealing with Web colors and even at so basic color as red is, we soon bump into the lack of expressions. Adding a number to the name is a simple and effective solution, but doesn’t give any additional info to the end user. From the user’s point of view, an adjective like dark gives much more sense than number 4. Here is a group of such reds:

types-of-red

#ED1C24 Red (Pigment)

#E72512 Pure Red

#BC243C True Red (Pantone)

#FF0033 Bright Red (Safe Hex3)

#922A31 Bright Red (Resene)

While the names are relatively explicit, we still can’t seriously work without their HEX values.

red-names

#BD4255 International Light Red

#F70000 Luminous Red

#AB4E52 Moderate Red

#E58E73 Middle Red (Crayola)

#D92121 Maximum Red (Crayola)

Darker tones of red are verging to the purple or brown very soon.

different-shades-of-red

#5C0923 Very Deep Red

#FF355E Radical Red

#722F37 Dark Red aka Wine (ISCC NBS)

#3F1728 Very Dark Red

#3A181A Rustic Red

Unfortunately, these names rely too much on personal preferences and lack of absolute values, what could help to standardize a perception of a specific color in all its shades, tones, tints etc. There were several attempts to make a list of colors where everybody understands what color is associated with each specific name. These attempts were only partly successful. First of all, we are dealing with word meanings, which can be similarly subjective like the perception of colors. Then there were different interests (and powers) of groups who tried to establish the standards. And there was, of course, nonstop progress in technology. If at certain moments computers displayed only 16 different colors, today’s graphic cards show more than four million colors and they would produce even more, but the human eye can hardly recognize an even small portion of them.

shades-of-red-names

#F2003C Red (Munsell)

#EE204D Red (Crayola)

#C40233 Red (NCS)

#EF3340 Red (Pantone)

#E60026 Red (G&S … Rosa Gallego & Juan Carlos Sanz)

Now it’s clear the word red simply can’t describe the color because there are so many nuances. There are few other words with essentially the same meaning, often with vague origins, sometimes coming from raw materials, sometimes mistranslated, and always leading to more variety at naming, what gives more opportunity at the description on one hand but also more confusion on the other.

Here is a family of carmine colors:

color-carmine

#960018 Carmine

#FF0038 Carmine Red

#801522 Carmine (Sherwin-Williams)

#D70040 Rich Carmine aka Carmine (M&P)

#A9203E Deep Carmine

Carmine color got its name after several types of insects (cochineal) which were powdered and boiled in sodium or ammonia carbonate or cooked in boiled water with the addition of different chemicals. It’s pretty clear different shades of carmine came into the market way before this color actually got any kind of official name.

shades-of-scarlet

#B5001A Scarlet

#EF2929 Scarlet Red 1

#CC0000 Scarlet Red 2 aka Boston University Red

#A40000 Scarlet Red 3 aka Dark Candy Apple Red

#560319 Dark Scarlet

If we can say carmine is slightly purplish, scarlet is more inclined to the orange, what means it has some yellow instead of blue in the mix. You can bet there are more than five shades of scarlet, and we are continuing with another set with names of various origins.

scarlet-hex-code

#8C1717 Scarlet (Netscape)

#FF3300 Scarlet (Websafe Hex 3) aka Nectarine

#FD0E35 Scarlet aka Tractor Red aka Torch Red (Crayola, since 1998)

#FC2847 Scarlet (Crayola, since 2004)

#CD392A Scarlet (AS 2700)

By the way AS stands for Australian Standard. Yes, they have slightly different perception of scarlet Down Under! It’s only fair to also mention scarlett with a double t before we continue with the family of crimson colors.

crimson-color-code

#7E2530 Scarlett (Resene)

#DC143C Crimson

#78184A Crimson (NBS ISCC TC) aka Deep Purplish Red

#711922 Crimson Red

#582124 Burnt Crimson

The origin of word crimson is similar as the word carmine – it comes from the name of the insect Kermes vermilio (please note: there is a family of vermilion colors too and tjhe list is coming soon!), which was originally used as the source of dye. Today it is generally accepted the word for a family of strong red colors with a pinch of blueish tone. In general, it has more of the blue than carmine

color-vermilion

#7E191B Vermilion

#C63927 Vermilion (RAL Color Standard)

#D9381E Medium Vermilion (Plochere)

#E34234 Vermilion (Cinnabar)

#CC474B English Vermilion (Crayola)

And there is also a shade of red called Vermillion (double l) with HEX value #F4320C listed in XKCD list of colors. XKCD is a Randall Munroe’s Web comic and one of his online projects was a color name survey with around quarter of million participants who suggested 954 names for different colors, including Vermillion.

How About HEX Values for Red Pigments?

According to the origin of pigment, trade route or tradition of usage, many types of red became strongly associated with certain countries. English Vermilion above is only one of them. We have also mentioned Spanish Red (Rojo) aka Red (G&S – after Rosa Gallego and Juan Carlos Sanz) with HEX code #E60026.

red-color-names

#E0162B Old Glory Red

#D43D1A English Red

#AB4B52 English Red (X11)

#FF5C5C Indian Red

#B94E48 (Deep) Indian Red (Crayola) aka (Deep) Chestnut (Crayola)

Old Glory is a nickname of the American flag and now you have the HTML code for the red color in it. All English and Indian reds are a different story. They are colors of soil or dirt from India, rich with iron oxide. There are several iron oxides, varying in reddish and brownish tones and the percentage of these oxides is varying too, so there are several shades with similar or even the same name.

indian-red-color

#CD5C5C Indian Red (SVG)

#FF6A6A Indian Red 1

#EE6363 Indian Red 2

#CD5555 Indian Red 3

#8B3A3A Indian Red 4

Let’s have a few words abut Indian Red (again – called after the color of the soil in India). Crayola produces this color from 1958, but in 1999 after a suggestion of worrying parents believing this name suggest the color of the skin of American Indians, changed the name into Maroon, so you’ll find this very same color in the boxes with color pencils with this name. It was also named Vermont maple syrup in a special limited edition.

We have already mentioned insects, by which carmine and crimson colors got their names. Several of that pigments came to Europe after Spain conquered Mexico and introduced kermes insects to the dye market. Thanks to that fact and overall importance of Spanish traders we have colors named after this country. Similar stories are explaining the name of Persian reds in the next set of red colors.

names-for-red

#D10047 Spanish Carmine

#E51A4C Spanish Crimson

#CC3333 Persian Red

#4F212A Persian Red (Resene)

#683332 Persian Plum

The most known color in next group is probably Chinese Red, originally made from powdered cinnabar and from 8th (!) century from a synthesis of mercury and sulfur. Considering numerous factors affecting the tone of final dye, it should be not surprising if we find several relatively different shades with the same name – Chinese Red – in our case displayed only with one example.

different-red-colors

#9B3D3D Mexican Red

#A91101 Turkey Red

#9D2933 Japanese Carmine

#AA381E Chinese Red aka China Red

#C54F33 Trinidad Red

Just like countries, other places helped to name a wide variety of red shades as well. The first presented family is Venetian red. These tones were originally achieved by iron oxide pigment, in last decades made by synthesis. A pigment is associated with two important ports: Venice (surprise, surprise) and Sinop, Turkey, thus being called sinopia as well. Venetian red was for centuries one of the most starting points for painting skin (especially among Rennesance artists). The desired tone of the skin was achieved by mixing sinopia with lime white (approximately two parts of Venetian red and one part of Lime white).

 

venetian-red-color

#C80815 Venetian Red

#5B1F22 Venetian Red (Resene)

#B33B24 Dark Venetian Red (Crayola)

#CC553D Venetian Red (Crayola)

#E6735C Light Venetian Red (Crayola)

Tuscany is a region in Italy, but Tuscan Red has nothing to do with it. It’s actually kind of a signature color of Pennsylvania, USA, where it was used for coloring passenger cars at the railroad. Similarly, the closely related color came into use in Canada and Australia. The color is originally based on iron oxides (family of Indian Reds), but due instability dyes based on aniline became the standard.

tuscan-red

#7C3030 Tuscan Red

#FAD6A5 Tuscan

*Tuscany #C09999

*Tuscany (Resene) #AD6242

*Tuscan Tan #A67B5B

As you noticed, all the most popular tones of Tuscan red possess pretty high values of green, what relates the whole family with brown colors. There is also a well-known color Tuscan Brown with HEX code #6F4E37. We’ll continue with Italy and several antique / historical places, where specific types of reds got their names.

hex-for-red

#9E3332 Milano Red

#86282E Monza

#940000 Pompeii Red

#9E1316 Spartan Crimson

#99002 Tyrian Red aka Tyrian Purple

Most of the presented names are self-explanatory, maybe we should just clarify the name Falu Red, named after Falun, Sweden, where well-known copper mine is located. You’ll also notice Kobe, Japan, for most of us best known by the most famous beef in the world. Bordeaux, on the other hand, is famous due their (red!) wine. We’ll deal with wine related reds soon. Or maybe a bit later – there are many groups to explore out there!

red-html

#D4574E Valencia

#801818 Falu Red

#CB6F4A Red Damask

#882D17 Kobe

#4C1C24 Bordeaux

Considering the importance of red, definitely the most powerful color in the spectrum, we can expect it as an official color or part of official palette at important organizations. Let’s start with universities:

shades-of-red-color

#CB333B Louisiana Tech University

#990000 USC (University of South Carolina) Cardinal Red aka Crimson Tide (University of Alabama) aka OU Crimson Red (University of Oklahoma)

#B70101 University of Wisconsin–Madison aka Badger Red

#C8102E University of Huston

#B31B1B Cornell Red aka Carnelian

It’s not surprising to find out several universities use the same tone of red like we can see at code #990000, sometimes also named Crimson Red (we have already presented different color with the same name and different HEX value) or Stizza. The word stizza is of Italian origin and it essentially means anger. We’ll deal with red shades related with emotions later.

hues-of-red

#8C1515 Cardinal Red (Stanford University)

#BB0000 Ohio State University Red

#CC0033 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey Red

#7B1113 (University of Philippines) UP Maroon aka Tibetan Red

#D9004C UA (University of Arizona) Red

One of the reds above is called Maroon, after the marron, what is a French word for chestnut. We’ll take some time for the family of maroon colors, brownish red tones, later, where we’ll deal with red in nature, especially in the world of plants. Let’s complete the series of reds, assigned with universities.

color-code-for-crimson

#E8000D KU Crimson (University of Kansas)

#841617 Oklahoma Crimson

#AF002A Alabama Crimson

#D3003F Utah Crimson (University of Utah)

#C90016 Harvard Crimson

We can find the color for Harvard Crimson Red under #A51C30 value too. Some of the universities use more than one tone of red for their logotypes, team dresses, etc., what means you should check at their official sites before using any of this information. We will continue with another set of red colors, this time, assigned with authority in general.

As you know, red is associated with aggression and (mostly) masculine power. Red, scarlet, carmine and crimson were colors worn by important and influential people many centuries before these colors got their names. Let’s introduce the first set of reds with names suggesting an absolute power:

html-color-code-red

#ED2939 Imperial Red

#901E1D Insignia Red

#C13311 Regency Red

#853E3C Monarch (BS 4800)

#803A4B Camelot

In the case you don’t know BS stands for British Standard. Being among royalties and other authorities, let’s look at church dignitaries too. There is a whole family of red shades named after cardinals (we have actually already seen some of them), who were among first who wore gowns of such colors. Please be aware red color was not allowed for regular people in many cultures. You’ll soon see how is this color popular among car makers and in traffic in general.

cardinal-red

#C41E3A Cardinal (Maerz and Paul)

#8A244E Cardinal (Resene)

#9D101C Cardinal (Sherwin-Williams)

#D41F18 Ford Cardinal Red

#B5342D General Motors Cardinal Red

The color red is strongly related to several brands in automobile industry and Ferrari is among most popular ones. Apparently, this is not enough because the manufacturers decided to associate a specific color for racing cars coming from Italy. Abarth, Alfa Romeo, Ferrari, Lancia and Maserati all used this color, which was adopted in honor of Prince Scipione Borghese who won the race from Peking to Paris in 1907 in – red colored Ferrari.

hex-color-red

#FF2800 Ferrari Red

#D40000 Rosso Corsa

#F24816 Rail Red aka Azo Orange

#A0333A Aircraft Red aka CARC (Civil Aviation Regulatory Commission) Aircraft Red, ANA 619 aka International Red

#AF1E2D Sign Red

Ferrari Red is associated with #FF1C00 as well. Traffic is of course closely related to danger, signals, safety, prevention and exclusion. We find it in several standardized tones of red, which can be, despite different HTML / RGB / HEX codes pretty similar to each other.

shades-of-red-color-names

#A6001A W3-Highway-Red aka DoT Highway Red

#BD1E24 W3-Safety-Red aka OSHA Safety Red

#9D3C3F 11086 DoT Highway Red (Federal standard 595)

#9E3A40 11105 OSHA Safety Red, DoT Red (Federal standard 595)

#B04243 11120 OSHA Safety Red (Federal standard 595)

According to different standards and acceptable tolerance we can find some of the mentioned colors with same names and different HTML codes. We have similar situation in the next group too. By the way: RAL (Reichs-Ausschuß für Lieferbedingungen und Gütesicherung – Imperial Commission for Delivery Terms and Quality Assurance) is a well-known and widely used European color standard.

different-shades-of-red-and-their-names

#BA312B Signal Red (AS 2700)

#A02128 Signal Red (RAL 3001)

#E03C31 tudi #E23D28 CG Red (Coast Guard)

#A93D43 Coast Guard Buoy Red

#E62200 Coast Guard Red #40

For Coast Guard we actually have at least two different hues of red, apart from #E03C31 they use #E23D28 too. The power of color red was always present at dominant, controlling people and organisations. We are not surprised finding it transformed into the world of giant corporations as well. Some of presented HTML codes are simulated hex values.

different-kinds-of-red

#D50F25 tudi HEX: #EA4335 Google Red

#C4302B Youtube Red

#CA0002 CNN Red

#ED1C16 Coca-Cola

#E32934 Pepsi

Google Red is known for another HEX code: #EA4335. Red color is extremely important in all areas, where we want to focus attention of the observer on something specific. While human eye yellow is most to yellow color, we use red for another reason, based on hard science. John William Strutt, more known as Lord Rayleigh found out it’s red which thanks to its highest wavelength in the visual spectra disperse least of all colors. This guarantees we’ll see red signs best of all.

red-hex

#B44441 Post Office Red

#CE2029 Fire Engine Red

#69293B Siren

#FF5333 Safety Cone

#C1121C Traffic Red (RAL 3020)

We all know how we use red color to mark important facts (underlined in red, being in red numbers) and the names in the next set of reds show exactly that.

red-rgb-value

#C51F1F Find The Company Red

#883531 Totem Pole

#71333C Ribbon

#AD522E Red Stage

#962C54 Lipstick

It really doesn’t matter if we want to warn or attract somebody, red is here to give you a heads up. We often say it’s a warm color, but in sometimes it is more than warm – it’s hot!

flame-red-color-code

#E25822 Flame

#AB2524 Flame Red

#F60018 Laured aka Torch

#CF1020 Lava

#A85533 Vesuvius

We have more reds (although quite brownish and purplish) with names associated with heat, flames and fire:

fire-red-codes

#8C3F30 Embers

#633528 Hairy Heath

#4F2A2C Heath

#D70000 Fire

#8F3F2A Fire (Resene)

Before we turn towards to the brown side let’s see some more!

hot-red-color-code

#F9423A Warm Red (Crayola)

#FF3855 Sizzling Red (Crayola)

#FF404C Sunburnt Cyclops

#4E2728 Volcano

#B22222 Fire Brick (SVG)

The family of fire brick colors belongs to the scarlet reds and their name came from the color of bricks, which were (and still are) made in a fire.

red-fire-brick-codes

#FF3030 Fire Brick 1

#EE2C2C Fire Brick 2

#CD2626 Fire Brick 3

#8B1A1A Fire Brick 4

#8E2323 Fire Brick 5

Being the sign of nobility and prestige, it’s only natural to expect red colors named after precious or semiprecious stones.

ruby-red-color-code

#E0115F Ruby

#9B111E Ruby Red

#841B2D Antique Ruby aka Deep Red

#D10056 Rubine Red

#CE4676 Ruber

Ruby ( a chemical mixture of aluminum oxide with microelements, namely chromium) is by far the most popular red color related to minerals.

ruby-red-rgb

#AA4069 Ruby (Crayola)

#843F5B *Ruby (BS 381)

#711521 Pearl Ruby Red

#9C2542 (approx) Big Dip O’Ruby (Metallic FX Crayola)

#97463C Mojo

(Of course BS stands for British Standards.) With such popularity, we can only expect to have several ruby colors in numerous existing standards. Garnet, geranium, and other gemstones are less known and standardization is much easier, although far from being simple.

Please note, all metallic colors (like Big Dip O’Ruby) are only HEX approximations because currently there is no mechanism to display exact metallic effect on computer screens.

color-code-for-red

#943543 Garnet (Pantone)

#BC3F4A Geranium aka Sanguine aka Strong Red

#D73B3E Jasper

#933D41 Smokey Topaz

#832A0D Smokey Topaz (Crayola)

All kinds of chemical substances can be red or reddish colored, and some of the chemicals gave their names to specific red tints. In all cases, the color is dependent on the ion state in the substance. Iron, for instance, can be of reddish or greenish color, depending on the electron structures of the compounds (that’s why most of the beer and wine bottles are brownish or greenish).

181-185

red-color-shades

#E30022 Cadmium Red

#E3170D Cadmium Red Deep

#FF030D Cadmium Red Light

#71006A Cobalt Red Violet

#98817B Cinereous

The most known, yet far from being among most popular substances is rust. When iron is exposed to oxygen and if there’s some water (vapors are enough) it changes color from shiny silverish to reddish brown. Here are some colors, related to that tones.

rust-code

#B7410E Rust

#D0674F Red Dust

#DA2C43 Rusty Red

#B47360 Rust Red

#E44C9A Pantone Uncoated Rhodamine Red

The most known metal of red color is copper and we didn’t forget to include few examples of these shades of red as well. To be honest, most of us would put all of them into browns.

shades-of-red-chart

#CB6D51 Copper Red

#6C322E Kenyan Copper

#6E3D34 Metallic Copper

#663334 Red Oxide

#5D1F1E Red Oxide (Resine)

Most types of soil are brown and some of them can have pretty intensively reddish tones. In the majority of cases, the reason is iron oxide, which is roughly just a fancy name for rust.

red-html-code

#8E3928 Red Prairie

#9A150E Red Ochre

#FF5721 Flesh Ochre

#E2725B Terra Cotta

#CC4E5C Dark Terra Cotta

We could go on and on with soils, but’ it’s probably better to save colors like Prairie Sand (HEX #883C32) or Clay Pot (HEX #9A4A33) for a separate article, dedicated to color brown. While we slowly moved from inorganic to organic nature, we can now continue with plants, known by red color. Or – better – with tones of red, named after different plants.

red-hex-color

#673F45 Beetroot (California paint)

#FE6F5E Bittersweet

#D44942 Chili

#9B2335 Chili Pepper

#7C2D37 Paprika

While everybody knows how a beetroot or paprika, two typically red plants look, we mostly associate word bittersweet with taste or feelings. We’ll meet a family of reds related with feeling later, but at this moment only say we are not dealing with anything abstract. Bittersweet is just another word for bitter nightshade, also called climbing nightshade, poisonberry, felonwood (Solanum dulcamara) with characteristic red berries. This color can qualify among orange too.

photo-of-nightshade-berries

How about another set of plants, associated with color red?

red-shades-names

#AF4035 Cola

#87382F Crabapple

#B33654 Hibiscus

#672F30 Japanese Maple

#6B342A Meranti

Plants above have red blossoms, berries, leaves, wood or some combination of above. To make a comparison, we present a photo of crabapple from Pixabay.

picture-of-crabapple-berries

We are not finished yet.

rgb-for-red

#BE0032 Pimento aka Vivid Red (Resene) aka Crimson Glory

#651C26 Pohutukawa

#A45A52 Redwood

#5B342E Redwood (Resene)

#9D442D Rockspray

Did you know pimento is a kind of paprika? Can you see the similarities of Pohutukawa red color with pohutukawa tree’s blossoms?

pohutukawa-photo.jpg

Ande there is more!

other-names-for-red

#8A2A52 Rosebud Cherry

#65000B Rosewood

#752B2F Tamarillo

#3E2F2E Tamarind

#AA2429 Waratah

We could go on and on with red colors related with plants, especially if we include all orange, pink, purple or brown shades, but instead of that let’s focus only on ones that are the most known by signature red color. Tomato, a so-called fruit-vegetable and close relative of before mentioned nightshade is definitely one of them.

tomato-red-color

#FF6347 Tomato 1 (SVG)

#EE5C42 Tomato 2

#CD4F39 Tomato 3

#8B3626 Tomato 4

#9C322E Tomato Red

We should not forget a rhubarb, which is in many areas very popular in the kitchen too.

red-rhubarb

#AD071D Rhubarb Red

#7E3949 Dulux Australia Ripe Rhubarb

#AB555F Rhubarb (Behr 130D-5)

#BF4F4F Benjamin Moore Rhubarb

#77202F Rhubarb (Pantone)

Maroon is kind of chestnut, a tasty and edible seed with characteristic reddish brown or brownish red color. This family of colors, popular at all kinds of paints, including hair colors, is so abundant, we can present two full sets of five colors with an addition of another family of closely related colors called after chestnut.

maroon-color-code

#B03060 Maroon (X11) aka Rich Maroon

#FF34B3 Maroon 1

#EE30A7 Maroon 2

#CD2990 Maroon 3

#8B1C62 Maroon 4

shades-of-maroon

#800000 Maroon (16 SVG)

#421814 Maroon (W3-ANA-510)

#5A3839 Royal Maroon

#AD4379 Mystic Maroon

#915F6D Aztec Maroon

code-maroon

#C32148 Bright Maroon aka Maroon (Crayola)

#412327 Maroon (Resene)

#7E354D Velvet Maroon

#402327 Maroon (Resene)

#691F01 Maroon 5

In the next set, you’ll find a strange word catawba. This is not a maroon or chestnut, but sort of grape, used for jams, jelly, juice, and of course wines, which deserve another section of colors just for themselves. We included it to present a related color from the same group.

chestnut-red

#954535 Chestnut (Maerz and Paul)

#C34A2C Chestnut Red

#633A34 Chestnut Brown (RAL 8015)

#986960 Dark Chestnut

#703642 Catawba

Before we make a move to fruits, let’s take a moment for another very special group of reddish brown tones called after the mahogany, name for the wood of different species of trees (Swietenia family), including hybrids, being different quality, and, as far this article is concerned, of different colors. Here are some of them, and we’ll meet some more in the post about shades of brown.

 

(to be continued)

cmy-color-wheel

What Colors Make Blue?

How to Make Blue?

If you want to know what colors make blue, you may get two very different answers. The first one is simple: you can’t make blue because it’s one of the three so-called primaries. The second is a bit more complicated, but actually very interesting. So if you want to start an interesting conversation about art, graphic design or are just being curious, read on to find out how to make the color blue!

The Basic Color Wheel Explained

There are numerous theories about the color, but most of us are familiar with at least one – the color wheel, developed in 1666 by Sir Isaac Newton (he actually became a Sir almost 40 years after that). This theory explains all the colors by three basic, primary hues: red, blue and yellow. None of them can be made from other colors and every other hue you might imagine can be made by mixing two or all three primaries in right proportions.

This color wheel can be presented with a simple diagram, a color wheel of primary colors:

simple-color-wheel

The so-called secondary color wheel or 6 color wheel looks like this:

complementary-color-wheel

Sometimes it is also called a complementary color wheell because the collors, lying on the opposites of the circle make complementaries to each other. As you already noticed, there are three other colors added – green as a mix of yellow and blue, orange as a mix of red and yellow, and violet (purple) as a mix of blue and red.

We can proceed with a tertiary color wheel, a color wheel with 12 colors:

12-color-wheel

Here we got six additional colors (blue-purple, blue-green, yellow-green, yellow-orange, red-orange, and red-purple) all being made by mixing one primary and one secondary color. It’s obvious we can go on and on with that, making more and more new colors. With an addition of white, gray and black we got different tints, tones, and shades as well, what leads us to next color wheel:

complete-color-wheel

This kind of mixing colors is called additive color model, but in practice, we often use a subtractive color model as well. This one is based on different, although still very logical premises. It starts with a white light, which is, as you probably already know, made of different colors. These can be individually seen thanks to the dispersion.

light-dispersion

Each color has its own wavelength and each has different speed when passing the media (in the example above, it’s a glass prism). Instead of the white mixture, we are able to see its components and with appropriate filters, we can eliminate certain colors to see just one or more of them. The printing process at computer printing is based on this idea.

We start with a white sheet of paper and then apply series of filters, so only desired color(s) can be seen. Filters in common printing are called cyan, yellow and magenta. All of them are colors already but are used in mixtures to create hues that could be seen as the end result. You probably already heard of CMY abbreviation, called after first letters of these color filters, and we’ll get back to it later.

cmyk-printingcmyk-colors

So What Two Colors Make Blue?

If we want to print blue color, we need two filters: cyan (it eliminates red) and magenta (it eliminates yellow). Similarly, other colors can be created:

cmy-color-wheel

To improve the quality of printing and reduce the costs another color was added into the CYM system – black, which could be otherwise created with an application of all three basic filters. This is how today’s most known printing standard CYMK was created. There are several theories what a K means, from being the last letter in black (B is already taken for blue – B in another system, called RGB) to the most believable K for Key, the color which is in most cases applied first for outlining.

But let’s get back to the color blue. Just like all other paints a blue paint is made from a pigment dissolved in a liquid vehicle (like water or oil). Typical paint made by classic procedures is a mixture of pigments (responsible for color), resins (keep pigments in place), solvent (to regulate the viscosity of paint) and additives (for fine tuning the properties of the paint).

Here how a blue pigment, called Fra Angelico, the starting point of so popular ultramarine blue color, is prepared:

This classic blue pigment is made from semi-precious stone Lapis Azuli and is the reason why blue color was for so many centuries reserved only for rich people. Today we have an enormous number of different pigments, some of natural, other of synthetic origin.

Do you need a list of blue pigments? Just read on!

Azurite

Cobalt Blue

Cornflower Blue

Egyptian Blue

Han Blue

Indigo

Manganese Blue

Maya Blue

Phthalocyanine Blue

Prussian Blue

Smalt (Saxon Blue)

Ultramarine (Lapis Lazuli)

Woad

Please note, some of these pigments contain toxic chemicals, especially heavy metals, so don’t play with them without prior knowledge and skills to handle them. This article is of mainly informative nature and if you want to know more about blue hues, you can simply check this list of different blue colors.

When we already have a pigment (or more pigments), the procedure goes as follows:

Please be aware of possible fumes, so take safety precautions. With this, we conclude our a bit longish answer to the seemingly simple, yet tricky question: »What makes blue?« See, colors are more of ideas than absolute facts, and each similar question can bring several right answers, all of the different logical concepts based on different perceptions.

This should not stop you from exploring the fascinated world of different colors. Have fun!

Different Shades of Blue: A List With Color Names and Codes

Can You Name All The Blue Hues, Shades, Tints, Tones And Other Variations?

There are hundreds of blue shades and we have many examples of a certain color name assigned to different HEX codes. On the other hand several blue colors are known under more than one name. We’ll try to present as many blue tints and hues as possible in slightly different arrangement as you might expect. Each color carries its own story and this article is touching dozens of them.

Blue For Trust And Authority

Blue is used to express and emphasize authority for many centuries. It is no coincidence police uniforms are so often blue or mainly of blue color. Its effect on human psychology is in most cases calming and ancient culture associated it heaven and gods. The reason is obvious: while blue is not so widespread in nature as some other colors, it dominates sky and water, two major elements in nature, both closely associated with divinity.

When King of England (George III) needed color with strong impact to immediately express royalty, several clothiers across the country tried to develop the right color and shade. Ultimately Scutts Bridge Mill won the contest. Queen Charlotte wore the robe in this color, what gave the color an alternative name Queen Blue.

royal-blue-color-chart

#2B60DE Royal Blue

#002366 Royal Blue (Traditional)

#4169E1 Royal Blue (Web or SVG)

#0038A8 Royal Azure

#7851A9 Royal Purple

With addition of white or black we can instantly create dozens of shades and tints for the same color and with different processes of production and addition of some red or yellow inevitably followed. Especially addition of red led to dramatic changes, what can be seen at royal purple above.

Around 1950 another, lighter shade of blue became known as royal and with an introduction of computer graphics (plus numerous limitations, which were gradually changed) and so called web safe colors, we got almost more than we can handle. Simply naming colors with numbers seemed a practical idea, yet it doesn’t guarantee the standardization.

Here are a few more examples of Royal Blue:

royal-blue-color-code

#4876FF Royal Blue 1

#436EEE Royal Blue 2

#3A5FCD Royal Blue 3

#27408B Royal Blue 4

#3333FF Royal Blue (Safe Hex3) aka Neon Blue

We are not finished with supreme authority yet. As we already mentioned, blue is named after the queen. Palate, president, celestial and imperium all belong to that category.

imperial-blue-and-related-colors

#4997D0 Celestial Blue

#002395 Imperial Blue

#273BE2 Palatinate Blue

#302B54 Presidential Blue

#436B95 Queen Blue

Let’s get back to Earth and repressive apparatus where blue instantly creates the feeling of respect and authority.

blue-color-code

#39B7CD NYPD Blue

#0BB5FF Police Strobe

#5D8AA8 Air Force Blue

#000080 Navy Blue

#5F9EA0 Cadet Blue

navy-blue-shirts-girls
Navy blue makes a lovely contrast with different lively colors

Navy blue, classical color of authority, can be used in very playful ways too, as we can see in the photo above. Its relative cadet blue is softer and even more appropriate for young people or less ceremonial occasions.

There are actually five more Cadet Blue colors, their names being differentiated with numbers only:

cadet-color

#5F9F9F Cadet Blue 1

#98F5FF Cadet Blue 2

#8EE5EE Cadet Blue 3

#7AC5CD Cadet Blue 4

#53868B Cadet Blue 5

And we can present at least five examples officially belonging to the family of navy blue colors as well!

navy-blue-shades

#1974D2 Bright Navy Blue (Crayola)

#091F92 Indigo Dye

#32127A Persian Indigo

#4E5180 Purple Navy

#1D2951 Space Cadet

There are very pragmatic reasons for so many different tints of blue (or other colors). British navy blue, originally called marine blue, was slowly accepted as official color for majority of navies all over the world. But using it in harsh environment with salted water and bright sun, it always faded a bit, so several navies started to use black (believe it or not, it is available in numerous shades, too) which is significantly more resistant to weather conditions.

The final result: everything you might imagine and more!

List of Universities and Schools with Blue Uniforms

For similar reasons Schools and Universities love to include different variations of blue in their coats of arms, uniforms and here we have a selection of ten blue colors named after the prestigious schools, where they are used:

shades-of-blue-color

#0070FF Brandeis Blue

#A3C1AD Cambridge Blue

#7BAFD4 Carolina Blue (University of North Carolina)

#9BDDFF Columbia Blue aka Jordy Blue

#001A57 Duke Blue aka Prussian Blue (we’ll find another color with the same name later under different code)

Most of listed colleges changed colors of uniforms during centuries, so don’t be angry if you find some discrepancies among listed blues. We tried to verify each one of them at official web sites, but some of them are not updated, others offer contradictory data, and some info is simply not available.

Duke Blue offers only one of interesting stories, where they started with Yale Blue (their headmaster came from there, but after several changes decided to take #001A57 (Prussian Blue). To make things even more interesting Prussian Blue is also connected with different code (will be added later with its own story).

Columbia Blue, on the other hand, is also known under #9CDDFF and #C4D8E2 codes!

names-for-the-color-blue

#96C8A2 Eton Blue

#002147 Oxford Blue aka Deep Cyan

#417DC1 Tufts Blue

#3C9BED UCLA Blue

#00356B Yale Blue

For instance, there are two HEX codes associated with it in the web: #0F4D92, also #0E4C92 for Yale Blue color. When we check the official site of Yale University, the answer is simple: #00356B, yet they allow to use blue in two pretty different shades too: #286DC0 in #63AAFF. Oxford Blue is also associated with #2F394D and #374853, and blue of University of California, Los Angeles, is connected with three more codes: #3A9AEC, #536895 in #3284BF.

To be honest – at least two of the presented colors look more green than blue to me, but, hey – who wants to get into disagreement with guys from Cambridge or Eton?

For different reasons several shades of blue color are associated with specific places or even countries.

hues-of-blue

#0072BB French Blue

#318CE7 Bleu de France

#1034A6 Egyptian Blue

#1C39BB Persain Blue

#0067A5 Medium Persian Blue

Not only countries, smaller entities like islands, harbours or even beaches gave name to specific colors of blue:

tones-of-blue

#062A78 Catalina Blue

#006DB0 Honolulu Blue

#0095B6 Bondi Blue

#517693 Malta Blue

#42C0FB Caribbean Blue

We’ll get back to water, but before that …

How to draw a rose?

So you wanna know how to draw roses, the most romantic flowers in the world?

There are several ways of drawing roses and all them are essentially pretty simple. We’ll explore some of them, going from the most easy to more difficult ones.

red-roses

Have your pencil ready. You can start with a circle, continue with a spiral, add petals in several groups from inside out. Add a stem and don’t forget the thorns. Now you can erase unnecessary lines and draw the rose to the color of your choice. sounds too easy? Well, it actually is easy! If you are confident enough, you can skip the part with a pencil and go right with the pen. You can draw a rose in less than a minute!

There is another, a bit more complicated way to make internal part of the bloom, which is still very simple and perfectly suitable for beginners. Feel free to check next video as well:

If you would like to show your rose in different perspective, I have found another video with a great step by step presentation. Who said beginners can’t aim at astonishing results? Please note how much can be done with shadows!

We all know roses have kind of personality, which was explored in numerous ways in literature and other media. You can find out more about the roses with their amazing symbolism in the next article:

http://wizzley.com/roses/

You can add a nice twist to your rose with application of so called kawaii style:

Although a rose is not a tiger, you can still add a little character to the picture! Cute, huh?

photo-of-beautiful-rose

Or you can make it with next step by step tutorial, where you’ll find much more detailed explanations of individual steps with more in-depth instructions.

drawing-a-rose

http://www.dragoart.com/tuts/5945/1/1/how-to-draw-a-realistic-rose.htm

And finally one more a bit more demanding tutorial with more detailed instructions, first to draw a rose in pencil and ink, and after that with an upgrade – color it with different shades of color red, to achieve really realistic and attractive result at the same time. Of course this tutorial is much more time consuming, but the rose will look spectacular!

easy-rose-drawing

http://www.drawingstep.com/how-to-draw-a-rose.html

Remember, there is no right or wrong way to draw a rose, because each one of them is unique and so is our perception of these gentle flowers. I hope you have find your favorite way of drawing a rose. If you decide to show it on-line, please let me know in the comments section below!

Colors that go well together

Colors that go together

So you wanna know what colors go good together? Well, it actually depends on the effect you want to achieve. But while in theory everything may work, in reality some colors proved to be great leading colors in certain situations (cleaning industry loves blue, which is a big no no in food industry, for instance) and same is true for certain combinations.

When you want to make a statement in sport dress, you will probably think about strong primary colors, but if you are choosing a wedding theme, anything pale (with a large addition of white) will probably work much better.

In any case, it is good to start with a color wheel. Here are the basics (and by the way, we’ll not go into details with RGB or CMY wheels, because this is way over the intention of this post):

Primary colors can’t be mixed from other colors. These are yellow, red and blue.

Secondary colors are made from two primary colors in 1 : 1 ratio. Orange is from yellow and red. Purple from red and blue. Green from blue and yellow. We can see them in color wheel exactly on the half way between yellow and red, red and blue, or blue and yellow.

Tertiary colors are combinations of two primary colors in 1 : 2 ratio. There is six combinations: orange and yellow (amber), yellow and green (chartreuse), green and blue (teal), blue and purple (violet), violet and red (magenta), or red and orange (vermilion).

graduate-shades-of-colors-in-color-whel

Please note:
Colors on the outer circumference are fully saturated. Every inner step has higher percent of white (in this case 12,5%), what progressively makes lighter (pale) tints right to the center, where everything turns white. Red, for instance slowly turns to white through different shades of pink.

Now about the combinations. There is no definite answer, so look at the presented examples only as ideas and general directions to find you personal winner.

1. Achromatic

You don’t use colors in this case, only black, white and gray in different shades. The effect is elegant and classy, works great in business world and everywhere where we want to emphasize seriousness, loyalty and similar traditional values. It is easy on the eyes, but can soon become boring. So if we want to add a bit of drama, we can play with patterns.

2. Analogous

You take one dominant color and her closest neighbors from the color wheel. This is very often combination in nature and can work very natural on your walls, paintings or clothes. Red, orange and amber would be fine example. You need at least three colors and you have plenty of variations with saturation or tint to achieve similar effect to achromatic and monochromatic, yet having more place for playing with combinations to be more lively without sacrificing the harmony. Just don’t mix warm and cold colors or exaggerate with total number of used colors.

example-of-analogous-color-scheme

3. Complementary

Do you need some drama? Usage of colors which are direct opposites in the color wheel can give you exactly that. Think about red and green. Yellow and violet. Blue and orange. These color combinations are always vibrant and very effective if you want to stand out. If you want to be seen, wear green pants and red jacket. Go with pale shades of pants if you don’t want to be seen from more than one mile and use black belt to cut the contrast, if you are daring, but not showy.

example-of-complementary-colors

4. Dichromatic

Any two colors can be used in dichromatic color scheme, but some work much better than the others. Positions in the color wheel are totally unimportant in this case. You should choose both colors after considering the final effect you want to achieve. Two color themes are quite popular for painting the walls of modern homes and most of the best combinations include pale shades of brown with other pastels (think green or purple or even blue). If you opt for more lively colors, you can very soon become too flashy.

5. Diadic

Didadic scheme is variation of dichromatic color scheme with one major limitation. You can use only colors which are separated by one (unused) color on the color wheel. Chartreuse and teal or red and purple are fine examples of this combination.

examples-of-diadic-color-scheme

6. Monochromatic

It is  variation of achromatic scheme (or vice versa), but in this case we have one leading color (maybe blue, maybe teal, maybe green) combined with the same color in different shades or tints. This way we can achieve more lively effect than at achromatic scene or make some artistic statement. Sepia photos are great example of monochromatic scheme. Be careful – this combination lacks contrast. If you need more life in your final result, go for analogous scheme.

example-of-monochromatic-color-scheme

7. Neutral

This is combination of one neutral color (sometimes called earth tone color), what basically means brown and gray in different tints, with an addition of black or any other color which neutralize them. Neutral colors are easy on the eyes, have a soothing, relaxing effect and can go well together with almost any other color, if it is used wisely.

8. Trichromatic (and Tetrachromatic)

Any three colors from the color wheel can be used, but in reality the combination works well if one of the chosen colors is dominant and other two are used only as accent. One successful way is to have an energetic color with two (or three) pale colors to keep the balance. In this groups we can find several subgroups based on the relative positions of used colors in the color wheel: triadic or tetradic (perfect triangle or square), split complementary (two neighbors of the complimentary color to the dominant color), rectangle (like square, but with two complementary pairs), split analogous (all used colors are only separated by one unused color), primary (all three primary colors are used), secondary (all three secondary colors are used) etc.

examples-of-trichromatic-or-tetrachromatic-color-schemes

Please note: one the picture above only the colors from the corners are used in every of the three presented situations.

We could go on and on, but you probably get the idea about the colors that go well together.

What is a mandala?

Who can define mandala?

Mandala is the expression of all life. It is the path of individuation.

Carl Jung, one of the most influential psychologist

In its simplified explanation a mandala is a symbolic representation of Universe. The word mandala comes from Sanskrit’s word for circle or completion.

kalachakra-mandala mandala-artwork

A circle always had strong symbolic meanings through human history. With its closed but also never ending line it represents limitations and infinity at the same time. The transience of one’s life which is is sentenced to end at the very moment when it begins and can also expand in virtual infinity through transfer of genes.

mening-of-mandala

For many centuries a circle was and still is used as a protection symbol. Person standing inside a circle can’t be hurt by evil and unknown powers from the outside. Energy inside the circle also can’t be released across the line.

Mandala is important part of spiritual and meditating rituals in Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism. Especially in Tibetan Buddhism many sacral objects like temples are built as giant mandalas. We can think of mandala as a kind of palace with four gates, one on the each of four sides of the world. Mandala is always constructed of several layers around the center, each layer representing kind of protective barrier which should be passed to achieve a certain virtue behind. For instance: circle of fire represents wisdom.

tibetan-mandala japanese-mandala buddhist-mandala buddha-mandala

Mandalas can be drawn, painted or built with different materials on different surfaces, but with a bit of experience we can find  them in nature as well. The basic form with a circle around the center can be found in cells, blossoms, shells, crystals, solar systems and galaxies. Even the classic model of atom can be understood as kind of mandala.

Tibetan sand mandalas are well known by their beauty. A lot of time and a lot of skill is spend to construct such mandala and it is typically relatively short lived construction, but this fact is actually important part of its charm. Simple and very satisfying family activity can be picking the pebbles of different colors on the shore and using them to make a simple mandala. Alternative materials can be incorporated as well. Just check the one with shells in the photo below!

mandala-art

Lately mandalas are more and more used in therapy. A construction, painting and visualization of mandalas can be powerful tool to improve one’s creativity through concentration and meditation. Coloring sheets of mandalas are very popular among adults and children. Carl Jung explained mandalas as the expression of one’s intense personal grow and his most known follower Marie Louise von Franz associated them with a need to restore of something from past or creation of something new, with both being connected through kind of ascending spiral. With addition of symbolic meanings of colors we can make thing very complex in no time at all.

mandala-therapy-jung

To make you even closer to the topic, maybe even convince you to create something new on your own, and of course to understand even better what is mandala, I conclude this post with few coloring pages of mandalas.

print mandala printable-mandala mandala-to-print mandala-to-color mandala-printable mandala-coloring-page

How to draw manga

How to draw manga for beginners

It seems some things are inevitable in certain areas. Just like a classic painter needs to learn about watercolors, everybody who learns about drawing, sooner or later bumps into manga, one of the most popular drawing styles in the world. It looks children are particularly fond of it. If you want to help your kid at drawing (you can read about numerous benefits here), it’s very likely manga with its distinguished and appealing style can be of big help.

To warm you up, I prepared some free manga clip art:

face-of-manga-girlface-of-manga-boymanga-girl-in-school-uniform

And some quick facts about manga:

Manga market is worth billions of dollars a year with constant growing in international markets where different variations of manga were developed.

Word manga is of Chinese origin and can be translated as ‘whimsical drawings’ and is used for comics originally published in Japan. But in Japan manga is used for all kinds of cartoons and anime is used for all kinds of animated movies.

Manga cartoons are typically published in magazines (first was published in 1874) with many different series, each presented with only single episode. The most popular episodes not only survive, but can be also republished in stand alone editions and animated (what produced so called anime).

Although most of people in the West experience manga in vibrant colors, majority of this genre is produced in black and white. To achieve more visually appealing and dramatic effect, different patterns are typically used for characters, backgrounds and details.
Classic manga (published in Japan) is by no means limited to kids-only market. It deals with many adult themes and even if the profile of the reader is a child, it can be much more complex and dark than the usual comic for kids in the West.

So you want to learn how to draw manga?

Web is full of lessons, but majority of good stuff is payable. Before you dive into unnecessary expenses, I prepared few useful links to help you started. I hope you can benefit from them.

Tips on drawing faces:

http://howtodrawmangas.com/post/30373665633/how-to-draw-manga-faces

Drawing hair is never easy and manga has its own special rules:

To learn more about coloring and inking manga hair, visit:

And many details, like female eyes:

http://www.howtodrawmanga.com/pages/tutorial_female_eyes

When you are ready, you can develop full characters:

http://www.wikihow.com/Draw-Manga-Characters

Then put them in action:

http://www.drawinghowtodraw.com/stepbystepdrawinglessons/2010/04/anime-action-scenes-how-to-draw-manga-action-poses-step-by-step-lesson/

Beware – the lesson above is only the first in the series (link to part two is included at the bottom of the page)

O.k., that’s for start. I wish you a lot of inspiration and have fun!

Meanings of colors

Meanings of colors  …

It’s hard to imagine anything related with drawing without asking few questions about colors and their meanings. It’s obvious they posses tremendous power on our moods and can even trigger certain emotions.

This means when we use particular color, we are consciously or unconsciously making several decisions. One of them is of course revealing how we feel in certain moment and about certain theme. Painting a sun black is definitely expression of positive feelings, for instance.

color-wheel-with-meanings-of-colours

Another important decision is our message. Considering drawing or painting is sort of communication, we are talking to our audience. With some skill and right set of colors we can effect their emotions too. We can depress and we can inspire.

All colors also carry important symbolism which is conditioned with history, geography and other factors. So I can provide only approximate list of colors with their meanings. Use it with caution.

List of colors with positive and negative meanings

Blue: calmness                             coldness

Red: action                                   aggression

Yellow: optimism                        childishness

Purple: luxury                             vanity

Orange: self-confidence             superficiality

Green: freshness                         inexperience

Brown: practicality                    predictability

Black: power                               evilness

Gray: timelessness                    boredom

White: purity                             emptiness

What about numerous tones and shades? Color wheels have so much more than basic colors to offer!

colours-psychology

Well, this is certainly a theme for many hours of debate, but this post should cover the basics. Every color can be used and abused and there is time and place for both in our lives.

Thanks for your visit. Have a colorful day!

Drawing paper for kids

What kind of drawing paper is best for children?

Everything related with kids should be no brainer and choosing a paper for drawing is no exception. Quality first, right?

Well, kind of … Sure, quality is important and we all want to give only the best to our children, but in reality we almost always limited: with time, space, money, experience, … You name it!

So this post is not about the obvious theoretical part – give kids the best possible material, but rather how to make the best out of real life situation. Here are the main points to consider:

Quality counts

Yes, just like kids (and everybody else) need quality color pencils, they need quality paper too. One simple method to compare different sorts of paper is their weight. 80 g / m2 is standard office paper and it is probably a standard for children’s drawings as well. But this kind of paper is barely good for color pencils and it is not useful for markers or watercolors.

quality-drawing-paper

So always try to have something of better quality at least for special occasions. If you already know you need drawing sheets of better quality, try to buy them when they are on discount or get them in bulk or in roles where you can save a lot of money if you cut the sheets accordingly to your needs.

Less is more

Kids love to see a lot of different colors, but have too much at the same time will confuse them and they will make a mess of them. Twelve colors is good for start, twenty four is for advanced projects and some experiments.

Same is true with paper. Stick to one or two kinds and occasionally test something new. Sometimes try something fancy, but in most cases every change will be appreciated. Envelopes, colorful wrapping paper, old boxes, paper bags, old forms, … , everything counts!

colorful-wrapping-paper-for-children-activities

Just don’t exaggerate. Too much of everything can be confusing.

Mix

Instead of adding new colors, you will very likely achieve more with addition of new drawing tools as crayons, chalks or temperas. Instead of adding new sorts of paper you should probably think about new surfaces like glass, pavement, wood, … All this can be endless source of inspiration.

make-art-with-kids

Don’t forget collages. Kids love to explore new techniques, so a pair of scissors (well, we can make full article about them too, right?), scotch tape and some universal glue will make valuable addition to your drawing adventures. to make impressive collages, always have some old magazines handy and if you have some old playing cards, stickers and similar items, you are already on your way to create something memorable.

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