Acrylic paints are popular among beginners in the art world for their ease of use, attractive appearance, and almost countless available hues. Work with acrylics is fast, results don’t change with time (at least in roughly last six or seven decades while they are on the market), their level of toxicity is relatively low and cleaning rarely demands more than some soap and water. All these characteristics made acrylic paints a favorite choice for students of painting.
But some of these pros can also fire back (for instance if you need more time for working with color, they can dry too fast) or demand some additional knowledge to use them to their full advantage. Of course, this knowledge is not available to rookies, so it’s only fair to provide as much tips and tricks for working with acrylics.
Here is a growing list coming from all publicly available sources on- and off-line, mixed with advice of seasoned artists with many years of experience in this area:
Quality and Price
* Generally you can get acrylics in two basic qualities: for students and for artists (professionals). Beginners should obviously start with less expensive students’ acrylics, which have a lesser percentage and lower quality of pigments and slowly build up their assortment of colors to better and more expensive products which can be (due to their density) also slightly more demanding to work with.
* While the price and quality correlate in the world of acrylics pretty logically, you can still save significant amounts of money by:
– buying so-called painting sets varying from 5 to 100 US dollars for 4 to 36 colors in smaller or bigger tubes;
– carefully watching for coupons and discounts for the colors you want;
– ordering your most used hues in bigger packages (some are available even in 35 oz jars);
– combining students’ and artists’ paints (the same color can vary in price by the factor five or more, yet both can do the job equally well for some specific tasks)
* All major brands offer dozens of quality paint and related products in wide range of quality and prices, including more liquid or more buttery versions of acrylics. It’s up to each individual artist to experiment with available items to meet the best results.
A Starter Pack
* Quickness of drying and simplicity of manipulation should be first concerns for beginners. This means only the necessary colors, canvases or boards, and brushes, zero additives like solvents, gessos or primers, palette knives, spatulas, sponge applicators, etc. You’ll also need a palette, some paper towels and a few jars for water.
* Being a beginner is not always bad. For instance, you start from scratch, what means you need all basic colors, so you can reduce the price per color with buying a full set of jars at once. You can get for instance Liquitex set of 48 tubes for less than 25 dollars. Of course, some of the colors will be empty very soon, but you can buy these ones (and only these colors) in bigger containers.
* As a beginner you can skip many items, but you can’t go without a decent brush. Or maybe two: rectangular (flat) and pointed (round). Both come in different sizes, basically grouped in large, medium and small families. In general, beginners find bristles made of a synthetic material more practical than the ones made of natural hair. Most manufacturers offer special brushes made for acrylic paints, which are more durable than ones made for watercolor.
Being On The Budget
* Size of the paint jar is another way to stay within the budget. If you need one or two colors all the time, buy them in bulk and save your bucks thanks to quantity.
* Some of the colors will inevitably disappoint your expectations and others will simply tempt you to buy them just to try how they look in action. In both cases, you can save a lot of money just by buying all untested paints in smallest possible jars or tubes.
* Never forget another important fact about the acrylics. They mix with each other independent of quality, quantity or brand. All residues can be used for creating interesting hues or maybe even for special undercoats to create special effects.
* Typical starter pack of brushes for acrylics consists of 12 pieces with nylon bristles and costs around 15 dollars. In the same package, you’ll probably get a palette too. Another good news: the same pack is useful for aquarels and oils as well.
* For large areas you can use the cheapest household brushes (or apply color with other more or less improvised tools) and save some additional money.
* A palette is not a must. Every surface useful for mixing paints can work well, depending on your wishes.
* Apart from Artists’ and Students’ grade acrylics, you can use for some projects even cheaper Craft acrylic paints. Their quality is significantly inferior to both mentioned before, but they can be used for creating special effects or for underlayers.
* The quality (and price) of your working surface should reflect the quality of used paints. You’ll probably paint walls in an apartment with Craft, paper with Student and canvas with Artist quality paints.
Initial Set of Colors
While you can do a lot of interesting projects even with one single color, most of the users start with ten basic colors, from which most of the desired tones can be created. According to several contemporary artists, these are:
But you can be even skimpier. We all know the basics of mixing colors what means, in general, we can make the whole rainbow from just three basic colors.
Well, the actual process of mixing is a bit more complicated, what in practice means you need two different basic colors for all possible secondary and tertiary colors:
Ultramarine Blue for making blueish purple tones
Quinacridone Red for making reddish purple tones
Cadmium Yellow for making yellowish orange tones
Cadmium Red for making reddish orange tones
Hansa Yellow for making yellowish green tones
Cerulean Blue for making blueish green tones
Where to Buy Acrylic Paints
You can obviously get them in specialized craft & hobby stores, where you can get a lot of very useful info about the paints you need for your projects. Michaels is the most well-known among them. Some other names are A. C. Moore, Artist and Craftsman Supply, Hobby Lobby, Jo-Ann, Pat Catan and Old Time Pottery.
Large supermarkets like Home Depot, Target and Wal-Mart offer almost all major brands of acrylics suitable for students and sometimes for artists too. They also offer many good bargains for some paints, but don’t expect highest quality stuff.
Buying acrylics on-line is another popular alternative, especially useful for people who don’t leave near stores with acrylics. It pays to follow most interesting pages to find when you can get nice discounts with coupons, free shipping etc. Apart from biggest companies like AliExpress, Amazon and eBay, there are also Ambience Design, Blick, Create for Less, Etsy, Factor Direct Craft, Oriental Trading, Scrapbook and Save-On-Crafts. Don’t hesitate examining their offers!
These are not a must but you’ll find you need them very soon, so it’s better to be prepared:
an apron (yes, painting can be a messy job)
several clean containers for water (you’ll need to clean brushes, put them off for a moment, etc.)
spray bottle (occasional mist of water on the unfinished painting can help you prolongate your working time for hours)
paper towels (for cleaning the excess paint)
Few Pro Tips for the End
Always wash your brushes right after you are done. Some soap and water should do.
Better (and more expensive) paint in most cases leads to better results.
Before you start working with canvas, always prepare it with gesso, even if it is already ‘gessoed’.
What are the Best Brands of Acrylics for Students and Professionals?
Acrylic paints are very likely the best kind of medium for an inspiring artist who is still learning the basic tricks of the trade. While everybody at some point stops feeling like an absolute beginner, acrylics still remain popular among more experienced painters. Many professionals specialize in acrylic colors due to their ease of use and numerous possibilities they offer.
What is Acrylic Paint Made of?
We can answer this question with a little digging in the history. First acrylics were made in 1934 by German chemical giant BASF and came into commercial after the second world war. They were made from polymers (hence the name – after acrylic polymer emulsion) and intended for painting walls of the houses.
Their versatility, quick drying time (compared to oil-paint) and durability brought the attention of the artists right after they hit the commercial market (around 1950). Being able to look sharp as oil paints or soft as watercolors, acrylics soon became the first choice for beginners and a welcome addition to the skilled artists’ repertoire.
In next years producers of acrylic paints offered more and more new colors, with different synthetic pigments entering the market, being mixed with various solvents and a whole spectrum of proportions between them. While each paint offers the best possible solution for a particular problem, some basic rules for defining why some acrylics are better than others.
It is also not surprising to find out some brands actually specialized for very specific artistic niches and we’ll try to explore as many of them as possible. In general, we can say more pigment means richer (and thicker) paint, what is closely connected with a higher price. But the price should never be the main concern when buying acrylics.
The main advantages
They come in huge variety of forms:
With an addition of a growing collection of specific mediums, we can also manipulate many visual and mechanical properties of acrylics what makes them popular in a wide range of creative and technical areas.
Tools for working with acrylics, like palettes or brushes, are really easy to clean. In most cases, some warm water and soap can do the trick.
It is much shorter than at oil paints, where a layer needs several days up to several weeks to dry off, so we can apply the next layer of acrylics within a day or two. The working session for an artist is shorter, his focus easier to maintain, results achieved faster and his efficiency higher.
If we need to delay the drying time, we can slow the process with a spray bottle of water. Several new acrylics with so-called retarders offer prolonged time for further manipulation.
We definitely can’t compare acrylic paints with oils or watercolors, but in a little more than half of century they proved as very durable, resistant to mechanic pressure (they don’t crack, like oil paint), are thermoplastic, what gives them way better temperature resistance and are often displayed on canvass without glass screen protection, which is almost a must for oil paintings. They also offer great UV resistance and are even used as protection for other materials.
All these characteristics should be no surprise if we remember they were initially made for house paintings. One of the best characteristics of acrylics is undoubtedly their flexibility and ability to be painted over without being affected when dried. Another characteristic, usually obtained first of all is a simple fact of apperance of acrylics not changing a lot after they dry, they often look exactly the same as at the momemnt they were squeezed out of the tube, what is definitely not the case at oils.
Before we start, we rarely think about the ’side effects’ of painting. Already mentioned cleaning is just tone of them. Another important characteristic of paints is their smell. In this area, acrylics have a significant advantage before the oils because their odour is in general much lower and often even hardly noticeable.
After a full-time working day in the artistic studio, the smell in your clothes, hair, and skin could stick for hours, what can be of great importance for everybody.
One very important advantage is similarity of the look of freshly applied acrylic color to already dried and mature finish. This is definitely not the case with watercolors, where dried paint always looks several tones differently than the initial mix on the palette. Predictable results make painting much easier, especially for beginners.
Acrylics are less toxic than oil paints because they produce less toxic fumes during work and cleaning. While pigments can still be toxic (and some fillers and retarders too), the main solvent (water) is not problematic at all. Same is true for cleaning, which is not only safer but much faster as well.
Depending on the level of dilution, or, if we may be more precise, the concentration of pigment in water, we can achieve effects of watercolors or oil paints, using the best of the both ’classic’ worlds of painting. Acrylics are very useful in numerous combinations with other types of colors too.
We can use them on canvas, ceramic, fabric, paper, terracotta and wood, where they can mimic other types of colors, but in most cases offer their signature realistic look, which possesses a very special magic to so many artists they simply can’t resist using them as a standalone media or an addition to others.
This store (Michaels) brand is quite popular due affordability of their acrylic paints. Apart from beginners who are still experimenting and have often limited budget some seasoned artists use Artist’s Loft acrylics as well. The price is low for simple reason – they have pretty low percentage of pigment, what means you may need several layers of paint squeezed right out of the tube before you adequately cover the canvas. n the other hand that might be just the effect you are looking for if you are aiming at translucent effect when using multiple layers of different colors.
Painters who want to cover large amounts of their working surface fast will find Artist’s Loft brand just right for the job because they have very good viscosity and flow, but when you want to work on details, you’ll have to use something else. Another thought about the price – it’s really great for beginners and for experimenting, what means huge pool of potential users (everybody started as a bwginner and everybody should experiment at least from time to time), but cheap paint which need two, three or even more layers to cover the base, will very likely stop being inexpensive if we compare it with a superior color which does the same job in a single stroke.
Blick Art Materials
Blick Art Materials were established by Dick Blick (with his wife Grace) and are the oldest supplier of art materials in the USA. Their products cover whole spectrum of painters, from total beginners to seasoned professionals, who are looking for the best only. Blick acrylic paints can be ordered 24 hour a day, 7 days a week and are in most cases shipped within 24 hours. They are also very proud of their competitive prices. It’s near to impossible to list all their acrylics, with artist grade, fluid, student, classroom, decorative and all other groups of paints you can possibly imagine.
Yes, they offer interference, iridescent, and pearl colors too.
Australian manufacturer Chroma has two sets of acrylic paints on the market: Educational and Fine Art. Both of them has several subgroups trying to satisfy just about every artistic need. Among Chroma Educational Acrylics we can find Chroma Kidz, made for preschoolers, which is washable, and Chromacryl with a wide range of uses from early childhood to tertiary school. For Senior Schools, they sell Atelier A2 Acrylic suiting art students and devoted hobbyists. These paints are high quality, yet without the pricey tag and very likely one of the best buys for artists who still learn, but good enough to add into Fine Art group too, where we can find heavy body Atelier Interactive Artists’ Acrylic, flowy Chroma’s Jo Sonja Artists’ Colours, and fluid Atelier Free Flow Artists’ Acrylics.
The main difference between Atelier series and majority of other acrylics is in their drying – instead of forming a hard skin, they just thicken what gives an artist ability to extend the drying time with simple spraying of pure water. Reviewers report they offer a truly ‘wet on wet’ experience, which is typically not available in this medium. It’s even possible to make already dried paint wet and workable again! There are about 80 different hues available, all coming in 80 (2.5 oz) ml tubes and 250 (8.5 oz) ml jars with several popular colors in 1 l (35 oz) bottles as well.
This company is based in England, but have warehouses and offices in the USA too. Their beginnings date almost 250 years ago when Richard and Thomas Rowney started with a production of colors for artists. Constant improvement and expansion of the company led to the creation of first acrylic paints in Europe in 1963. Rowney’s Cryla colors became one of the signatures of Pop Art in the 1960s and are still on the market, standing the test of time and being one of the best brands for acrylic paints in the world.
After the merge of George Rowney’s Company with Daler Board Company in the 1980s, one of the most important manufacturers of art supplies was formed, continually growing in all three key areas for painters: paints, brushes, and surfaces. The current line of Daler-Rowney’s acrylics (CRYLA professional acrylic line) offers 87 different colors, known by their very heavy body buttery feel and lightfastnesses, ideal for artists who want to create so-called impasto effects.
Best known brand of acrylic colors by Deco Art is definitely Americana, relatively high quality student paint for affordable price (we are talking about a dollar for an ounce), popular for its ease of use, but with much lower levels of pigment than competitors with Artist grade paints. Americana comes in handy bottles, is fluid, can occasionally need more than one layer for covering the surface, but is widely used not only for artistic projects on canvasses, but for decorative and craft purposes in all possible areas (miniatures, furniture decor, walls, …). Especially popular are Deco Art Americana Acrylic paint sets with more than 30 different colors in small bottles, which are available in several specialized stores and on-line as well.
In general Americana offers matte finish, which is not a typical acrylic look, where we mostly expect gloss, but several users reported they prefer using it exactly for that reason – with a background or majority of painting in matte an addition of glossy acrylic paint helps the to pop out a desired detail or emphasize a part of the picture or something else. This should probably answer the always on-going debate about the quality. Of course there are better (and much pricier paints on the market), but this doesn’t necessary mean the ‘better’ paint will proved better results for your specific project.
FolkArt is known by their artist-quality acrylics with a creamy consistency and superior hide qualities, what makes the great for base coating, blending and highlighting. They can be used on canvas, metal, plaster, textile and wood. There are also trendy metallics among their paints. All of them are certified as acid neutral and non-toxic.
There are 243 different colors in the FolkArt Premium family and 31 FolkArt Metallics altogether, both available in 60 ml (2 oz ) bottles. 18 most popular colors can be bought in 235 ml (8 oz) bottles too. Their color palette is undoubtedly one of the largest in the market.
You can’t buy an acrylic paint without at least considering one from the Golden’s offer. In general, they have four main groups of different viscosity. High Flow Acrylic paints have 49 different colors of ink-like consistency and durability of dry paint, including Fluorescent and Iridescent paints. Open Acrylics are slow drying paints offering increased time for working in most of the traditional techniques with currently 73 colors available.
Golden Fluid Acrylics are characterized by flowing ability, which makes them useful for pouring, spraying and drawing details, and intensity comparable to the most known heavy body acrylics. Their consistency is achieved without fillers or extenders and is available in 66 different colors. And there is, of course, a Heavy Body group, probably the most popular among Goldens with the most colorful offer of 100 % acrylic emulsion available for professional artists – 108 colors altogether.
Grunbacher is on the market from 1905 and it definitely had its ups and downs. Today it’s a part of Chartpak Inc., but still, continues the tradition of the American brand. Their line called Academic Acrylic offers 48 brilliant colors including metallics and iridescent. All of them are labeled with 1 – Excellent according to ASTM lightfast rating (resistance to change at exposure to light).
These acrylic colors are available in tubes in four different volumes: 75 ml (2.5 oz), 90 ml (3 oz), 150 ml (5 oz) and 200 ml (6.75 oz). For many painters, Grumbacher means some kind of best value because they offer high quality for affordable (student) price. The company is well-known by their artistic forum and other kinds of support.
Liquitech acrylic paints are the first choice for art students. Their Basics offer 36 different colors in matte and 48 in a satin finish, which is favorite among skilled painters as well. Liquitex Soft Body is a family of 89 fluid colors suitable for painting wide range of materials from classic canvas or ceramics to different fabrics and murals.
Liquitex also offers heavy body and super heavy body colors in 100 and 27 different hues respectively. These highly pigmented paints are thick and rich, of buttery smooth consistency, what makes them perfect for traditional painting on panel or canvas or experimental techniques. Liquitex is hardly missed in any professional’s repertoire.
Ranger Ink is American manufacturer of quality inks, paints and accompanying craft products with several signature lines of artistic items created after specifications of real artists. In the field of acrylics, we should mention at least Dina Wakley Media (Dina Wakley), Distress (Tim Holtz) and Dylusions (Dyan Reaveley). Distress contains 63 very fluid colors, Dina Wakley Media 9 heavy body acrylics 6 metallics, and Dylusions 24 colors with viscosity somewhere in between. All can be bought on-line, but are not among the cheapest, so it’s best to check a few reviews before ordering.
Here is an example of a video where all Dylusions Acrylics are presented by the artist herself:
Reeves acrylics are especially popular among students because they offer strong vibrant colors for an economical price. There are 20 colors available, all in 200 ml tubes, all available for individual purchase. We should also mention their packs of 5, 10, 12 or 18 tubes, some of them designated with school usage in mind.
Of course, you can get all of their paints in smaller packages and there are also trend color packs containing four colors for mixing multitude shades without spending too much for larger sets. One of the most popular sets is acrylic metallics for painters who love to experiment with special effects.
While this Dutch based company exists since 1899, their acrylics are offered ‘only’ from 1970 on. There are several brands of acrylic paints in the Royal Talens family of artistic supplies:
Rembrandt has 75 high quality artists’ grade colors, defined by stability and consistency. They have uniformed gloss and drying time and belong among the best in the market.
Van Gogh has 40 different quality colors known by high drying time, offering faster work, but suitable for skilled artists. They are available in four gradations of opacity, being extremely versatile.
Talens Art creation is a brand with 38 colors, available in 75 ml and 200 ml tubes and 750 ml pots. You can buy them in different sets (8, 12 and 24) with 12 ml tubes, best performing on paper and canvas, but being good on everything without dust or grease. You can use them as they re or dilute them with water, what makes them even more versatile.
Formerly called Pip Seymour Extra Fine Acrylics is British manufacturer of Acrylic paints with a simple goal – to produce finest possible products. They managed to create 42 different colors based on finest pigments tested by numerous artists. They are known by intensity of hues, superb coverage and well-tested resistance. Some hues are truly special, like Oxford Bluestone or Verdaccio, all being available in 60 ml tubes or bigger jars ranging from 125 to 2500 ml) with pretty attractive prices (they offer four series with 1 being the least pricey and 4 being the most expensive) for wholesale orders and education institutions. They also offer gesso and primers acrylics.
If you wander what you get in the extra Series 4, you must think abut unique colors not available by any other brand, being available in only small batches and made with very special care from finest possible materials. Their crafty approach to the market is extremely well-excepted and we can expect more and more producers will go along the similar path creating more and more high quality acrylic paints for affordable price.
Winsor & Newton
This company offers two groups of acrylics in general: Professional for skilled craftsmen and Galeria with a good quality for affordable price. Professional Acrylic has 80 colors which offer a bit longer working time and don’t change their shades after drying. Galeria Acrylic has 60 colors, characterized by the lovely satin finish.
There are different sets available in both areas of Winsor & Newton Acrylic Paints with prices roughly ranging from 20 to 100 US dollars. In practical and attractive packages they make popular gifts for inspiring and experienced artists working with acrylics.
More than 100 purple shades with names, hexadecimal codes and RGB values
Welcome to the always growing list of purple colors with their names, HEX codes and RGB values. First of all, we have to offer some kind of definition of purple. For the majority of users, it’s a color made of blue and red, but scientists are much more strict. They, for instance, clearly distinguish between violet (another color between red and blue) and purple colors.
It is not our intention to go too much into the physical details with exact wavelengths and similar data, because the main purpose of this article is only to inform the readers about different purple shades (or, to be more specific, hues), with corresponding names, HTML codes and other info, useful to amateur or professional designers, stylists, programmers and just everybody who might be interested in naming a certain hue of purple color or finding more about its background.
Many colors, including purples, are connected with interesting stories, what gives us a lovely opportunity to present them in a readable, hopefully, amusing way with all the necessary data, which have been checked in numerous places, including dozens of international standards. Welcome in our exploration of the magic world of purple shades!
What the Word Purple Actually Means?
#800080 (128, 0, 128) Purple (HTML/CSS color)
#9B30FF (155, 48, 255) Purple 1
#912CEE (145, 44, 238) Purple 2
#7D26CD (125, 38, 205) Purple 3
#551A8B (85, 26, 139) Purple 4
All colors above are called purple, yet they don’t look the same. Similar is the story about the origin of word purple. It probably comes from Greek porphrya, used for the dye obtained from shellfish. It was used for coloring clothes even before Christ’s birth, but thanks to its cost (roughly measured by its weight in silver) mainly reserved for the wealthiest class. Romans changed the name to purpura and in the 7th century, it became purpul in Old English.
It took almost seven more centuries to use the word purpul / purple for the color, not just for a dye, as well.
#A020F0 (160, 32, 240) Purple (X11 color)
#9F00C5 (159, 0, 197) Purple (Munsell)
#85467B (133, 70, 123) Purple (AS 2700)
#4F284B (79, 40, 75) Purple (Murasaki)
#AFADD5 (175, 173, 213) Purple (BS 381)
As you already noticed, the same name is used for more or less similar colors between red and blue. Several standards were established and most of them are still in use in different areas of life. It’s obvious one single word is not enough to describe so different hues, so numerous adjectives were (and are!) used to further explain the color purple.
Different Purple Colors
Naming the colors with a dozen basic terms and set of adjectives is exactly what ISCC (Inter-Society Color Council) tried to establish in 1930. In following years the idea was adjusted and adapted until in 1955 NBS (National Bureau of Standards) published The Color Names Dictionary, where we can find colors like:
#602F6B ((96, 47, 107)) Deep Purple (ISCC-NBS) aka Imperial Purple
#401A4C (64, 26, 76) Very Deep Purple (ISCC-NBS)
You can imagine this is only a beginning of the list. Combinations of names and modifiers give us 267 categories, but we should know we can’t apply all modifiers to all hues. We will still present 25 different shades of purple according to just to this system.
#D5BADB (213, 186, 219) Very Light Purple (ISCC-NBS)
#B695C0 (182, 149, 192) Light Purple (ISCC-NBS)
#86608E (134, 96, 142) Moderate Purple (ISCC-NBS) aka Pomp and Power
#563C5C (86, 60, 92) Dark Purple (ISCC-NBS)
#301934 (48, 25, 52) Very Dark Purple (ISCC-NBS)
We could also include colors with adjective purplish as a modifier!
#D6CADD (214, 202, 221) Very Pale Purple (ISCC-NBS)
#AA98A9 (170, 152, 169) Pale Purple (ISCC-NBS)
#796878 (121, 104, 120) Grayish Purple (ISCC-NBS)
#50404D (80, 64, 77) Dark Grayish Purple (ISCC-NBS)
#291E29 (41, 30, 41) Blackish Purple (ISCC-NBS)
As we can expect, several combinations of modifiers lead to hues very close to gray, what is exactly the same situation as at watercolors, when we mix too many different hues – we’ll get brownish or grayish results.
But it soon became clear this system can’t offer enough, so enthusiasts from all over the world offered more alternatives. In the world of computers numbers were by far the most popular solution in naming the colors and purple is no exception (names are for CSS / HTML):
#9370DB (147, 112, 219) Medium Purple
#AB82FF (171, 130, 255) Medium Purple 1
#9F79EE (159, 121, 238) Medium Purple 2
#8968CD (137, 104, 205) Medium Purple 3
#5D478B (93, 71, 139) Medium Purple 4
Unfortunately, numbers don’t guarantee avoidance of confusion. Several companies and organizations suggested different standards. Less known VMG World Wide is only one, yet interesting example, naming similar colors with other numbers:
#7A5DC7 (122, 93, 199) Medium Purple (VMG) aka Purple Sage Bush
#4F2D7F (79,45,127) University of Central Arkansas
#461D7C (70, 29, 124) LSU (Louisiana State University) Purple
Certain purples became signature colors of internationally successful companies:
#660099 (102,0,153) Fedex
#FF0084 (255,0,132) Flickr
#FF00BF (255,0,191) Lyft
#E20074 (226,0,116) T-Mobile
#C822B0 (200,34,176) Univision
We can also find purple in professional sports. It symbolizes power and ambition. It fuses the energy of red with authority of blue. It is also closely associated with dignity, one of the most important elements in sport, where you should know ho to take wins and losses.
#552582 (85,37,130) Lakers Purple
#724C9F (114,76,159) Sacramento Kings
#1D1160 (29,17,96) Phoenix Suns
#280353 (40,3,83) Baltimore Ravens
#3B0160 (59,1,96) Minnesota Vikings
Source or location related to purple dye is another inspiration for naming this vibrant color.
Let’s point out only one of the purple hues in next set. Liseran purple got its name from alizarin, also called Turkey Red, the main ingredient of several dyes. Alizarin was originally made from the roots of flowers in the Madder family. It is the first natural pigment made synthetically (in 1869).
The most famous location by which a name of the color is given is very likely Magenta. It is named after the battle at Magenta, a town in Northern Italy. There French and Sardinian army won a battle against Austrians in 1859. It was a decisive battle, leading to important political changes. An aniline dye, discovered by French chemists Francois Emmanuel Verguin, discovered a few months earlier was named after that battle and here are several shades of Magenta:
As you already noticed among previous hues of purples, some of them look very reddish, while others are much more blueish. Everything goes because technically each color between pure red and pure blue belongs to the purple family. Magenta is a slightly different story. It’s defined as a color made by the equal amount of red and blue.
Thanks to different amounts of green we can still expect numerous variations of magenta. When we start to vary amounts of red/blue or even allow some deviations from equal amounts of both, we soon approach to hundreds and hundreds of magenta shades in this specific subgroup of purple colors as well!
barHundreds of Red Shades with Names and Hex Codes
Here is the longest list of red colors of different shades, tones and tints in the world, all with their official / common / trivial names and HEX codes. They are organized by logical groups, depending on their similarities, name origins, or other common characteristics. Please note, in spite of careful checking of dozens of resources there may still be some discrepancies between this list (most complete in the WEB at the moment with 445 named red colors and still rising) and other respectful sites, dealing with colors and design.
Our basic aim is to provide a fast comparison between red colors for a wide variety of users, being artists, designers or just curious minds. If you find this list useful, please share it with your friends, readers of your blog or any other people who may find it interesting. Color red, after all, is the most intense color and actually the oldest in all known languages (right behind black and white, which are, technically speaking not real colors). The red color is so old, in some of the languages (like Latin) the word for ‘colored’ and ‘red’ is actually the same.
#FF0000 Red 1 (Safe 16 SVG Hex 3)
#EE0000 Red 2 (Hex 3)
#CD0000 Red 3
#8B0000 (Dark) Red 4 (SVG)
#FE2712 Red (RYB)
As you probably already know, there are several standards dealing with Web colors and even at so basic color as red is, we soon bump into the lack of expressions. Adding a number to the name is a simple and effective solution, but doesn’t give any additional info to the end user. From the user’s point of view, an adjective like dark gives much more sense than number 4. Here is a group of such reds:
#ED1C24 Red (Pigment)
#E72512 Pure Red
#BC243C True Red (Pantone)
#FF0033 Bright Red (Safe Hex3)
#922A31 Bright Red (Resene)
While the names are relatively explicit, we still can’t seriously work without their HEX values.
#BD4255 International Light Red
#F70000 Luminous Red
#AB4E52 Moderate Red
#E58E73 Middle Red (Crayola)
#D92121 Maximum Red (Crayola)
Darker tones of red are verging to the purple or brown very soon.
#5C0923 Very Deep Red
#FF355E Radical Red
#722F37 Dark Red aka Wine (ISCC NBS)
#3F1728 Very Dark Red
#3A181A Rustic Red
Unfortunately, these names rely too much on personal preferences and lack of absolute values, what could help to standardize a perception of a specific color in all its shades, tones, tints etc. There were several attempts to make a list of colors where everybody understands what color is associated with each specific name. These attempts were only partly successful. First of all, we are dealing with word meanings, which can be similarly subjective like the perception of colors. Then there were different interests (and powers) of groups who tried to establish the standards. And there was, of course, nonstop progress in technology. If at certain moments computers displayed only 16 different colors, today’s graphic cards show more than four million colors and they would produce even more, but the human eye can hardly recognize an even small portion of them.
#F2003C Red (Munsell)
#EE204D Red (Crayola)
#C40233 Red (NCS)
#EF3340 Red (Pantone)
#E60026 Red (G&S … Rosa Gallego & Juan Carlos Sanz)
Now it’s clear the word red simply can’t describe the color because there are so many nuances. There are few other words with essentially the same meaning, often with vague origins, sometimes coming from raw materials, sometimes mistranslated, and always leading to more variety at naming, what gives more opportunity at the description on one hand but also more confusion on the other.
Here is a family of carmine colors:
#FF0038 Carmine Red
#801522 Carmine (Sherwin-Williams)
#D70040 Rich Carmine aka Carmine (M&P)
#A9203E Deep Carmine
Carmine color got its name after several types of insects (cochineal) which were powdered and boiled in sodium or ammonia carbonate or cooked in boiled water with the addition of different chemicals. It’s pretty clear different shades of carmine came into the market way before this color actually got any kind of official name.
#EF2929 Scarlet Red 1
#CC0000 Scarlet Red 2 aka Boston University Red
#A40000 Scarlet Red 3 aka Dark Candy Apple Red
#560319 Dark Scarlet
If we can say carmine is slightly purplish, scarlet is more inclined to the orange, what means it has some yellow instead of blue in the mix. You can bet there are more than five shades of scarlet, and we are continuing with another set with names of various origins.
#8C1717 Scarlet (Netscape)
#FF3300 Scarlet (Websafe Hex 3) aka Nectarine
#FD0E35 Scarlet aka Tractor Red aka Torch Red (Crayola, since 1998)
#FC2847 Scarlet (Crayola, since 2004)
#CD392A Scarlet (AS 2700)
By the way AS stands for Australian Standard. Yes, they have slightly different perception of scarlet Down Under! It’s only fair to also mention scarlett with a double t before we continue with the family of crimson colors.
#7E2530 Scarlett (Resene)
#78184A Crimson (NBS ISCC TC) aka Deep Purplish Red
#711922 Crimson Red
#582124 Burnt Crimson
The origin of word crimson is similar as the word carmine – it comes from the name of the insect Kermes vermilio (please note: there is a family of vermilion colors too and the list is coming soon!), which was originally used as the source of dye. Today it is generally accepted the word for a family of strong red colors with a pinch of blueish tone. In general, it has more of the blue than carmine.
#C63927 Vermilion (RAL Color Standard)
#D9381E Medium Vermilion (Plochere)
#E34234 Vermilion (Cinnabar)
#CC474B English Vermilion (Crayola)
And there is also a shade of red called Vermillion (double l) with HEX value #F4320C listed in XKCD list of colors. XKCD is a Randall Munroe’s Web comic and one of his online projects was a color name survey with around quarter of a million participants who suggested (after some heavy filtering) 954 names for different colors, including Vermillion.
How About HEX Values for Red Pigments?
According to the origin of pigment, trade route or tradition of usage, many types of red became strongly associated with certain countries. English Vermilion above is only one of them. We have also mentioned Spanish Red (Rojo) aka Red (G&S – after Rosa Gallego and Juan Carlos Sanz) with HEX code #E60026.
#E0162B Old Glory Red
#D43D1A English Red
#AB4B52 English Red (X11)
#FF5C5C Indian Red
#B94E48 (Deep) Indian Red (Crayola) aka (Deep) Chestnut (Crayola)
Old Glory is a nickname of the American flag and now you have the HTML code for the red color in it. All English and Indian reds are a different story. They are colors of soil or dirt from India, rich with iron oxide. There are several iron oxides, varying in reddish and brownish tones and the percentage of these oxides is varying too, so there are several shades with similar or even the same name.
#CD5C5C Indian Red (SVG)
#FF6A6A Indian Red 1
#EE6363 Indian Red 2
#CD5555 Indian Red 3
#8B3A3A Indian Red 4
Let’s have a few words abut Indian Red (again – called after the color of the soil in India). Crayola produces this color from 1958, but in 1999 after a suggestion of worrying parents believing this name suggest the color of the skin of American Indians, changed the name into Maroon, so you’ll find this very same color in the boxes with color pencils with this name. It was also named Vermont maple syrup in a special limited edition.
We have already mentioned insects, by which carmine and crimson colors got their names. Several of that pigments came to Europe after Spain conquered Mexico and introduced kermes insects to the dye market. Thanks to that fact and overall importance of Spanish traders we have colors named after this country. Similar stories are explaining the name of Persian reds in the next set of red colors.
#D10047 Spanish Carmine
#E51A4C Spanish Crimson
#CC3333 Persian Red
#4F212A Persian Red (Resene)
#683332 Persian Plum
The most known color in next group is probably Chinese Red, originally made from powdered cinnabar and from 8th (!) century from a synthesis of mercury and sulfur. Considering numerous factors affecting the tone of final dye, it should be not surprising if we find several relatively different shades with the same name – Chinese Red – in our case displayed only with one example.
#9B3D3D Mexican Red
#A91101 Turkey Red
#9D2933 Japanese Carmine
#AA381E Chinese Red aka China Red
#C54F33 Trinidad Red
Just like countries, other places helped to name a wide variety of red shades as well. The first presented family is Venetian red. These tones were originally achieved by iron oxide pigment, in last decades made by synthesis. A pigment is associated with two important ports: Venice (surprise, surprise) and Sinop, Turkey, thus being called sinopia as well. Venetian red was for centuries one of the most starting points for painting skin (especially among Rennesance artists). The desired tone of the skin was achieved by mixing sinopia with lime white (approximately two parts of Venetian red and one part of Lime white).
#C80815 Venetian Red
#5B1F22 Venetian Red (Resene)
#B33B24 Dark Venetian Red (Crayola)
#CC553D Venetian Red (Crayola)
#E6735C Light Venetian Red (Crayola)
Tuscany is a region in Italy, but Tuscan Red has nothing to do with it. It’s actually kind of a signature color of Pennsylvania, USA, where it was used for coloring passenger cars at the railroad. Similarly, the closely related color came into use in Canada and Australia. The color is originally based on iron oxides (family of Indian Reds), but due instability dyes based on aniline became the standard.
#7C3030 Tuscan Red
#AD6242 Tuscany (Resene)
#A67B5B Tuscan Tan
As you noticed, all the most popular tones of Tuscan red possess pretty high values of green, what relates the whole family with brown colors. There is also a well-known color Tuscan Brown with HEX code #6F4E37. We’ll continue with Italy and several antique / historical places, where specific types of reds got their names.
#9E3332 Milano Red
#940000 Pompeii Red
#9E1316 Spartan Crimson
#99002 Tyrian Red aka Tyrian Purple
Most of the presented names are self-explanatory, maybe we should just clarify the name Falu Red, named after Falun, Sweden, where well-known copper mine is located. You’ll also notice Kobe, Japan, for most of us best known by the most famous beef in the world. Bordeaux, on the other hand, is famous due their (red!) wine. We’ll deal with wine related reds soon. Or maybe a bit later – there are many groups to explore out there!
#801818 Falu Red
#CB6F4A Red Damask
Some places are so well-known by rd color, different paint makers started naming their paints after them. The problem is each one of them interpret red differently. One such problem is Sedona:
#AC614F Sedona Clay (Benjamin Moore)
#AF663F Sedona Clay (Evonik-Degussa)
#C19982 Sedona Sand (Kelly-Moore)
#DF9371 Sedona Stone (Nippon Paint)
#452927 Sedona Bronze (General Motors)
Considering the importance of red, definitely the most powerful color in the spectrum, we can expect it as an official color or part of official palette at important organizations. Let’s start with universities:
#CB333B Louisiana Tech University
#990000 USC (University of South Carolina) Cardinal Red aka Crimson Tide (University of Alabama) aka OU Crimson Red (University of Oklahoma)
#B70101 University of Wisconsin–Madison aka Badger Red
#C8102E University of Huston
#B31B1B Cornell Red aka Carnelian
It’s not surprising to find out several universities use the same tone of red like we can see at code #990000, sometimes also named Crimson Red (we have already presented different color with the same name and different HEX value) or Stizza. The word stizza is of Italian origin and it essentially means anger. We’ll deal with red shades related with emotions later.
#8C1515 Cardinal Red (Stanford University)
#BB0000 Ohio State University Red
#CC0033 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey Red
#7B1113 (University of Philippines) UP Maroon aka Tibetan Red
#D9004C UA (University of Arizona) Red
One of the reds above is called Maroon, after the marron, what is a French word for chestnut. We’ll take some time for the family of maroon colors, brownish red tones, later, where we’ll deal with red in nature, especially in the world of plants. Let’s complete the series of reds, assigned with universities.
#E8000D KU Crimson (University of Kansas)
#841617 Oklahoma Crimson
#AF002A Alabama Crimson
#D3003F Utah Crimson (University of Utah)
#C90016 Harvard Crimson
We can find the color for Harvard Crimson Red under #A51C30 value too. Some of the universities use more than one tone of red for their logotypes, team dresses, etc., what means you should check at their official sites before using any of this information. We will continue with another set of red colors, this time, assigned with authority in general.
As you know, red is associated with aggression and (mostly) masculine power. Red, scarlet, carmine and crimson were colors worn by important and influential people many centuries before these colors got their names. Let’s introduce the first set of reds with names suggesting an absolute power:
#ED2939 Imperial Red
#901E1D Insignia Red
#C13311 Regency Red
#853E3C Monarch (BS 4800)
In the case you don’t know BS stands for British Standard. Being among royalties and other authorities, let’s look at church dignitaries too. There is a whole family of red shades named after cardinals (we have actually already seen some of them), who were among first who wore gowns of such colors. Please be aware red color was not allowed for regular people in many cultures. You’ll soon see how is this color popular among car makers and in traffic in general.
#C41E3A Cardinal (Maerz and Paul)
#8A244E Cardinal (Resene)
#9D101C Cardinal (Sherwin-Williams)
#D41F18 Ford Cardinal Red
#B5342D General Motors Cardinal Red
The color red is strongly related to several brands in automobile industry and Ferrari is among most popular ones. Apparently, this is not enough because the manufacturers decided to associate a specific color for racing cars coming from Italy. Abarth, Alfa Romeo, Ferrari, Lancia and Maserati all used this color, which was adopted in honor of Prince Scipione Borghese who won the race from Peking to Paris in 1907 in – red colored Ferrari.
#FF2800 Ferrari Red
#D40000 Rosso Corsa
#F24816 Rail Red aka Azo Orange
#A0333A Aircraft Red aka CARC (Civil Aviation Regulatory Commission) Aircraft Red, ANA 619 aka International Red
#AF1E2D Sign Red
Ferrari Red is associated with #FF1C00 as well. Traffic is of course closely related to danger, signals, safety, prevention and exclusion. We find it in several standardized tones of red, which can be, despite different HTML / RGB / HEX codes pretty similar to each other.
#A6001A W3-Highway-Red aka DoT Highway Red
#BD1E24 W3-Safety-Red aka OSHA Safety Red
#9D3C3F 11086 DoT Highway Red (Federal standard 595)
#9E3A40 11105 OSHA Safety Red, DoT Red (Federal standard 595)
#B04243 11120 OSHA Safety Red (Federal standard 595)
According to different standards and acceptable tolerance we can find some of the mentioned colors with same names and different HTML codes. We have similar situation in the next group too. By the way: RAL (Reichs-Ausschuß für Lieferbedingungen und Gütesicherung – Imperial Commission for Delivery Terms and Quality Assurance) is a well-known and widely used European color standard.
#BA312B Signal Red (AS 2700)
#A02128 Signal Red (RAL 3001)
#E03C31 tudi #E23D28 CG Red (Coast Guard)
#A93D43 Coast Guard Buoy Red
#E62200 Coast Guard Red #40
For Coast Guard we actually have at least two different hues of red, apart from #E03C31 they use #E23D28 too. The power of color red was always present at dominant, controlling people and organisations. We are not surprised finding it transformed into the world of giant corporations as well. Some of presented HTML codes are simulated hex values.
#D50F25 tudi HEX: #EA4335 Google Red
#C4302B Youtube Red
#CA0002 CNN Red
Google Red is known for another HEX code: #EA4335. Red color is extremely important in all areas, where we want to focus attention of the observer on something specific. While human eye yellow is most to yellow color, we use red for another reason, based on hard science. John William Strutt, more known as Lord Rayleigh found out it’s red which thanks to its highest wavelength in the visual spectra disperse least of all colors. This guarantees we’ll see red signs best of all.
#B44441 Post Office Red
#CE2029 Fire Engine Red
#FF5333 Safety Cone
#C1121C Traffic Red (RAL 3020)
We all know how we use red color to mark important facts (underlined in red, being in red numbers) and the names in the next set of reds show exactly that.
#C51F1F Find The Company Red
#883531 Totem Pole
#AD522E Red Stage
It really doesn’t matter if we want to warn or attract somebody, red is here to give you a heads up. We often say it’s a warm color, but in sometimes it is more than warm – it’s hot!
#AB2524 Flame Red
#F60018 Laured aka Torch
We have more reds (although quite brownish and purplish) with names associated with heat, flames and fire:
#633528 Hairy Heath
#8F3F2A Fire (Resene)
Before we turn towards to the brown side let’s see some more!
#F9423A Warm Red (Crayola)
#FF3855 Sizzling Red (Crayola)
#FF404C Sunburnt Cyclops
#B22222 Fire Brick (SVG)
The family of fire brick colors belongs to the scarlet reds and their name came from the color of bricks, which were (and still are) made in a fire.
#FF3030 Fire Brick 1
#EE2C2C Fire Brick 2
#CD2626 Fire Brick 3
#8B1A1A Fire Brick 4
#8E2323 Fire Brick 5
While we are dealing with buildings, we should also mention some red paints.
Popular red paints
One of the oldest red paints used by construction workers is definitely red. In America red paint is especially popular paint for barns. There are several reasons for that:
It makes a nice contrast with white farm buildings.
It was traditionally made of flex-seed oil mixed with rust (iron oxide), inexpensive and effective protection against moist and fungi.
When first commercial paints came to the market in 19th century red was the cheapest.
Today we have many lovely alternatives and new barns are not necessarily painted red, but many producers still offer red paints with barn in the name:
#A5554E (165,85,78) Red Barn (Web)
#7C0A02 (124,10,2) Barn Red (Web)
#733D39 (115,61,57) Barn Red (Behr)
#8A5958 (138,89,88) Barn Door (Olympic)
#905959 (144,89,89) Barn Door (Porter Paints)
Here we can compare two web safe barn red colors with eight (altogether) paints mad by commercial paint-makers. The are relatively different but always more on the brownish, burnt side of the spectrum-
#7F453C (127,69,60) Red Barn (Sherwin-Williams)
#822A36 (130,42,54) Barn Red (Ralph Lauren)
#842928 (132,41,40) Pottery Barn (Benjamin Moore)
#945B58 (148,91,88) Barn Door (Taubmans)
#AF5453 (175,84,83) Barn Red (Dulux Paint)
Don’t forget – red color was one of the most obvious signs of success and having one’s own barn was definitely something to be proud off. Similar is true for cottages – today wo don’t look at them as cheap homes, but rather as extras for different purposes. Here are several examples of paints, named after typical red or reddish cottages:
As you can see, these cottage red colors tend towards pink spectrum of colors. On the other hand we also have a selection with relatively large amounts of yellow, thus being more orange or brown:
#682A27 (104,42,39) Cottage Red (Benjamin Moore)
#855B51 (133,91,81) Jekyll Club Cottage Brick (Valspar Paint)
#876D65 (135,109,101) Lincoln Cottage Brown (Valspar Paint)
#A85846 (168,88,70) Cottage Spice (Diamond Vogel)
#C5826C (197,130,108) Cottage Clay (Behr)
Being the sign of nobility and prestige, it’s only natural to expect red colors named after precious or semiprecious stones.
#9B111E Ruby Red
#841B2D Antique Ruby aka Deep Red
#D10056 Rubine Red
Ruby ( a chemical mixture of aluminum oxide with microelements, namely chromium) is by far the most popular red color related to minerals.
#AA4069 Ruby (Crayola)
#843F5B Ruby (BS 381)
#711521 Pearl Ruby Red
#9C2542 (approx) Big Dip O’Ruby (Metallic FX Crayola)
(Of course BS stands for British Standards.) With such popularity, we can only expect to have several ruby colors in numerous existing standards. Garnet, geranium, and other gemstones are less known and standardization is much easier, although far from being simple.
Please note, all metallic colors (like Big Dip O’Ruby) are only HEX approximations because currently there is no mechanism to display exact metallic effect on computer screens.
#943543 Garnet (Pantone)
#BC3F4A Geranium aka Sanguine aka Strong Red
#933D41 Smokey Topaz
#832A0D Smokey Topaz (Crayola)
All kinds of chemical substances can be red or reddish colored, and some of the chemicals gave their names to specific red tints. In all cases, the color is dependent on the ion state in the substance. Iron, for instance, can be of reddish or greenish color, depending on the electron structures of the compounds (that’s why most of the beer and wine bottles are brownish or greenish).
#E30022 Cadmium Red
#E3170D Cadmium Red Deep
#FF030D Cadmium Red Light
#71006A Cobalt Red Violet
The most known, yet far from being among most popular substances is rust. When iron is exposed to oxygen and if there’s some water (vapors are enough) it changes color from shiny silverish to reddish brown. Here are some colors, related to that tones.
#D0674F Red Dust
#DA2C43 Rusty Red
#B47360 Rust Red
#E44C9A Pantone Uncoated Rhodamine Red
The most known metal of red color is copper and we didn’t forget to include few examples of these shades of red as well. To be honest, most of us would put all of them into browns.
#CB6D51 Copper Red
#6C322E Kenyan Copper
#6E3D34 Metallic Copper
#663334 Red Oxide
#5D1F1E Red Oxide (Resine)
Most types of soil are brown and some of them can have pretty intensively reddish tones. In the majority of cases, the reason is iron oxide, which is roughly just a fancy name for rust.
#8E3928 Red Prairie
#9A150E Red Ochre
#FF5721 Flesh Ochre
#E2725B Terra Cotta
#CC4E5C Dark Terra Cotta
We could go on and on with soils, but’ it’s probably better to save colors like Prairie Sand (HEX #883C32) or Clay Pot (HEX #9A4A33) for a separate article, dedicated to color brown. While we slowly moved from inorganic to organic nature, we can now continue with plants, known by red color. Or – better – with tones of red, named after different plants.
#673F45 Beetroot (California paint)
#9B2335 Chili Pepper
While everybody knows how a beetroot or paprika, two typically red plants look, we mostly associate word bittersweet with taste or feelings. We’ll meet a family of reds related with feeling later, but at this moment only say we are not dealing with anything abstract. Bittersweet is just another word for bitter nightshade, also called climbing nightshade, poisonberry, felonwood (Solanum dulcamara) with characteristic red berries. This color can qualify among orange too.
How about another set of plants, associated with color red?
#672F30 Japanese Maple
Plants above have red blossoms, berries, leaves, wood or some combination of above. To make a comparison, we present a photo of crabapple from Pixabay.
We are not finished yet.
#BE0032 Pimento aka Vivid Red (Resene) aka Crimson Glory
#5B342E Redwood (Resene)
Did you know pimento is a kind of paprika? Can you see the similarities of Pohutukawa red color with pohutukawa tree’s blossoms?
Ande there is more!
#8A2A52 Rosebud Cherry
We could go on and on with red colors related with plants, especially if we include all orange, pink, purple or brown shades, but instead of that let’s focus only on ones that are the most known by signature red color. Tomato, a so-called fruit-vegetable and close relative of before mentioned nightshade is definitely one of them.
#FF6347 Tomato 1 (SVG)
#EE5C42 Tomato 2
#CD4F39 Tomato 3
#8B3626 Tomato 4
#9C322E Tomato Red
We should not forget a rhubarb, which is in many areas very popular in the kitchen too.
#AD071D Rhubarb Red
#7E3949 Dulux Australia Ripe Rhubarb
#AB555F Rhubarb (Behr 130D-5)
#BF4F4F Benjamin Moore Rhubarb
#77202F Rhubarb (Pantone)
Maroon is kind of chestnut, a tasty and edible seed with characteristic reddish brown or brownish red color. This family of colors, popular at all kinds of paints, including hair colors, is so abundant, we can present two full sets of five colors with an addition of another family of closely related colors called after chestnut.
#B03060 Maroon (X11) aka Rich Maroon
#FF34B3 Maroon 1
#EE30A7 Maroon 2
#CD2990 Maroon 3
#8B1C62 Maroon 4
#800000 Maroon (16 SVG)
#421814 Maroon (W3-ANA-510)
#5A3839 Royal Maroon
#AD4379 Mystic Maroon
#915F6D Aztec Maroon
#C32148 Bright Maroon aka Maroon (Crayola)
#412327 Maroon (Resene)
#7E354D Velvet Maroon
#402327 Maroon (Resene)
#691F01 Maroon 5
In the next set, you’ll find a strange word catawba. This is not a maroon or chestnut, but sort of grape, used for jams, jelly, juice, and of course wines, which deserve another section of colors just for themselves. We included it to present a related color from the same group.
#954535 Chestnut (Maerz and Paul)
#C34A2C Chestnut Red
#633A34 Chestnut Brown (RAL 8015)
#986960 Dark Chestnut
Before we make a move to fruits, let’s take a moment for another very special group of reddish brown tones called after the mahogany, name for the wood of different species of trees (Swietenia family), including hybrids, being different quality, and, as far this article is concerned, of different colors. Here are some of them, and we’ll meet some more in the post about shades of brown.
#CD4A4C Mahogany Red
#483230 Mahogany (Resene)
#79443B Mahogany (NBS/ISCC TC)
#CA3435 Mahogany (Crayola)
The red color is an attractive one, although most of the insects can’t see it. On the other hand, birds and mammals love it and plants developed many gorgeous fruits that attract animals, including people, who spread the seeds in exchange of beautiful (and often very tasteful) fruits. As you’ll see, some fruits are so popular they created special categories of red colors named after for them. Here are several groups of red colors named after various fruits:
#FF9966 Atomic Tangerine
Just like before, there are a lot of tones inclining to pink, purple, orange or brown color palettes, depending on the percentage of yellow and blue in the mixture.
Maybe we can clarify a bit about French raspberry. There are numerous raspberries all belonging to the genus Rubus. Some are named after colors, like blue, black, yellow and even golden, but we’ll not go into details. We’d rather add there are no species named French raspberry! The name of the color, in fact, came from French raspberry syrup of distinctive vivid pinkish red color.
#5E2A40 Mulberry (Resene)
#C54B8C Mulberry (Crayola)
#55141C Passion Fruit
At this point, we can ask what’s the difference between plums and prunes? Well, the latin name for plums is Prunus (the same family as cherries, which will soon come in the spotlight), so it’s logic to expect we are dealing with the same kind of fruit. A prune is actually a dried plum and this can be seen as their colors above and below.
#F5785A Pummelo Pulp
#B42041 Raspberry Red
The least known fruit above is probably Shiraz. It’s a sort of a grape, from which red wine is made. It originates in France but is grown in many areas of the world, varying in taste, depending on the climate and soil. There are several hard to prove myths about the relation of grape called Shiraz with Shiraz, the capital of Persian empire (today’s Iran) or Syracuse (Syrah is another name for that grape).
Is it finally time to present a strawberry?
#D14152 Strawberry Red
#FC5A8D Strawberry (Crayola)
#CD5D34 Tangerine (Resene)
#FF9980 Vivid Tangerine (Crayola)
While everybody knows strawberry, many people don’t distinguish between tangerine and mandarin. Tangerine has a bit smaller and prolongated shape of fruits, it has thicker skin, yet both taste pretty similar. As you can see colors named by different standards don’t always look the same. Even more – those standards are not fixed either. Knowing the HEX (HTML) code is probably the best option.
#F2473F Watermelon Pulp
#FF43A4 Wild Strawberry
#FC6C85 Wild Watermelon
#FD5B78 Wild Watermelon (Crayola)
We can find a color named wineberry with HEX code #533039 too. One of the most popular fruits of the world is an apple and we can find it in several tones of red, yellow or green color. Let’s see the red part of the family for now.
#9D1309 Red Delicious Apple
#FF0800 Candy Apple Red aka Apple-Candy Red
#A9373D Candy Apple Red (Behr 8371)
#E2062C Medium Candy Apple Red
#D66F62 Fuji Apple
Cherry has even more types of red colors. We have found enough for two whole sets of cherry red colors.
#B3446C Cherry (NBS/ISCC TC) aka Irresistible
#C41C22 Cherry aka Post Office Red (BS 381) BS … British Standard
#DA2647 Cherry (Crayola)
#8B4131 Dark Cherry aka Russet aka Monarch (BS 381)
#FF0047 Cherry Red
#6C132B Dark Cherry Red
#330000 Dark Cherry Red (Safe Hex3)
#A02422 Bing Cherry
#790604 Krylon Cherry Red
Cerise if French for cherry and we have two whole sets of cerise colors too. But for the moment we conclude at 300 shades of red!
#DA3287 (Deep) Cerise (Crayola)
#E23D80 Cerise Red
#EC3B83 Cerise Pink
#DA3163 Cerise Magenta (Crayola)
It is not our intention to present all the subtle difference between cherries and cerise. For our main purpose, it’s probably enough to say that cerise colors have a larger percent of blue, what means they are in general slightly inclined to purple / violet spectra.
#9F1F4C Medium Cerise
#DA1D81 Vivid Cerise
#E8A2CE Very Pale Cerise
#F400A1 Hollywood Cerise aka Fashion Fuchsia
#BB3385 Strong Cerise
Cerise colors are often similar with Fuchsia colors, so it’s only fair to proceed with flowers, which gave their name to several reds as well.
We have already mentioned several red flowers, which are a special story for themselves, because they can’t be seen by the majority of insects, otherwise the best pollinators of all. This means red flowers should rely on their smell or other pollinators, like tropical birds or wind.
#A95249 Apple Blossom (Resene)
#FFB7C5 Cherry Blossom Pink
#A84F51 Gerbera Daisy (Laura Ashley 44-23)
#D77A02 Wild Orchid
#87141F Poppy Flower
#853534 Tall Poppy
A family of roses, where we can also find white and yellow sorts, are so abundant, we constructed two groups just for this undoubtedly the most popular flower in the world.
#FF033E American Rose
#480607 Bulgarian Rose
#D3545F Rose (RAL)
#FF5050 Rose (Crayola)
#D3A194 Rose (Resene)
Considering the fact breeders create new sorts of roses all the time, this family could expand anytime soon.
#905D5D Bois De Rose
#C48379 Grecian Rose
#AC512D Rose of Sharon (Resene)
#ED0A3F Smell the Roses (Red)
#532934 Black Rose
How about animals? Red is a color of aggression, attention, and attraction. It is well distributed through birds, especially males, who try to show themselves in best light in front of females, it is pretty popular at fish, color of warning in the world of insects (who are trying to warn especially birds) but relatively rare among terrestrial animals, where it’s much easier to find more earth tones, like reddish brown or brownish red.
#F58F84 Ibis Wing Color
#B13F44 Ladybud Red (Benjamin Moore)
#913228 Red Kite
#7D4138 Red Robin
Color puce red has an interesting story as well. It’s a color of stains remaining on the sheets of the person, who was a victim of flea bites. Even washing couldn’t remove them. In many areas of the world fleas are actually very much still a present threat, so we should not be surprised to find so many types of puce color.
#CC8899 Puce (NBS/ISCC TC)
#A95C68 Puce (M&P)
#4E1609 Puce (Pourpre color list)
#4F3A3C Puce (Pantone)
#ECC3BF Piglet Snout
There is a widely spread misconception about corals belonging to the world of plants. They are actually animals (invertebrates) and their skeletons are the essential component of famous coral reefs, where so many plants and animal species live. Characteristic color of corals is somewhere between red, pink and orange, thus being seen as girlish for many years.
#FF7F50 Coral (SVG)
#FF7256 Coral 1
#EE6A50 Coral 2
#CD5B45 Coral 3 aka Dark Coral
#8B3E2F Coral 4
We have designated coral as a girlish color. Salmon, although of pretty similar tones, is completely different story. If a certain piece of cloth is colored with one of the colors from the next family, it will be very likely described as pink if it’s for women or salmon, if it’s for men.
#FA8072 Salmon (SVG)
#FF8C69 Salmon 1
#EE8262 Salmon 2
#CD7054 Salmon 3
#8B4C39 Salmon 4
#FF91A4 Salmon (Crayola)
#FF3333 Nova Scotia Salmon (Safe Hex3)
#FF6666 Seattle Salmon (Safe Hex3)
#F1444A Salmon Pearl (Crayola)
#F77D64 Salmon Red (BS4800) aka Lobster aka Azalea
#FFA07A Light Salmon (SVG)
#EE9572 Light Salmon 2
#CD8162 Light Salmon 3
#8B5742 Light Salmon 4
#E9967A Dark Salmon
Red is an appetite stimulant and red food color is a mandatory part of many meals. It is also very popular in packaging, in a tablecloth and even in restaurant logotypes. We listed several families of reds named after different kinds of food or spice.
#FFC1CC Bubble Gum
#8D4338 Red Gum
#C73F17 Chili Powder
#FC1501 Gummi Red
#B13E0F Kidney Bean
#DA614E Jelly Bean
#7D0541 Plum Pie
We are not over yet. Apart from the food, we find red appealing at drinks too. Sauces, cocktails, and beverages are another interesting groups to know.
#FD3A4A Red Salsa (Crayola)
Moccaccino is misspelled for Mochaccino and sangria is a mixed drink with red wine base, where different fruits, and maybe some additional sweetener and other drinks are present. By the way, you can find color named Sangria with hex code #92000A too. In Spanish sangria means blood. We’ll devote a whole group to blood red colors later. Let’s use the drink made from wine to wine red colors.
Yes, we finally came to one of the largest groups of red tones – with names coming from wines.
#5E2028 Wine Red (RAL 3005)
#990012 (Garnet) Red Wine
#955264 Vin Rouge
#AC1E44 French Wine (Lie de Vin)
#881824 Plascon Red Red Wine
There are also codes #7F1A1A, #85274E, #580B1C for color called Wine Red. Vin Rouge, of course, means red wine in French (yet French Wine has its own color).
#800020 Burgundy aka Ox Blood
#652525 Burgundy (Resene)
#9F1D35 Vivid Burgundy
#43302E Old Burgundy
#73343A Merlot (Resene)
#7F1734 Claret (XONA)
#8B3F3F Claret H8 (Rodda)
#6E2233 Claret (Resene)
#562627 AMC Claret
#673147 Claret (NBS ISCC/TC) aka Wine Dregs
*Colortrend Pinot #7D5E67
*Pinot Noir (Sico 6039-41) #BDA3A5
*Cabernet (Benjamin Moore) #6C5B65
*Cabernet (Alcro) #230411
*Raspberry Wine (Pantone) #B63157
Here we have exactly 445 codes for different red shades, organised in groups by their name. If you think we are over, you are wrong – we will continue adding them and the number 500 is not too far away … See ya!
If you want to know what colors make blue, you may get two very different answers. The first one is simple: you can’t make blue because it’s one of the three so-called primaries. The second is a bit more complicated, but actually very interesting and much closer to the truth. So if you want to start an interesting conversation about art, graphic design or are just being curious, read on to find out how to make the color blue!
The Basic Color Wheel Explained
There are numerous theories about the color, but most of us are familiar with at least one – the color wheel, developed in 1666 by Sir Isaac Newton (he actually became a Sir almost 40 years after that). This theory explains all the colors by three basic, primary hues: red, blue and yellow. None of them can be made from other colors and every other hue you might imagine can be made by mixing two or all three primaries in right proportions.
This color wheel can be presented with a simple diagram, a color wheel of primary colors:
The so-called secondary color wheel or 6 color wheel looks like this:
Sometimes it is also called a complementary color wheell because the collors, lying on the opposites of the circle make complementaries to each other. As you already noticed, there are three other colors added – green as a mix of yellow and blue, orange as a mix of red and yellow, and violet (purple) as a mix of blue and red.
We can proceed with a tertiary color wheel, a color wheel with 12 colors:
Here we got six additional colors (blue-purple, blue-green, yellow-green, yellow-orange, red-orange, and red-purple) all being made by mixing one primary and one secondary color. It’s obvious we can go on and on with that, making more and more new colors. With an addition of white, gray and black we got different tints, tones, and shades as well, what leads us to next color wheel:
This kind of mixing colors is called additive color model, but in practice, we often use a subtractive color model as well. This one is based on different, although still very logical premises. It starts with a white light, which is, as you probably already know, made of different colors. These can be individually seen thanks to the dispersion.
Each color has its own wavelength and each has different speed when passing the media (in the example above, it’s a glass prism). Instead of the white mixture, we are able to see its components and with appropriate filters, we can eliminate certain colors to see just one or more of them. The printing process at computer printing is based on this idea.
We start with a white sheet of paper and then apply series of filters, so only desired color(s) can be seen. Filters in common printing are called cyan, yellow and magenta. All of them are colors already but are used in mixtures to create hues that could be seen as the end result. You probably already heard of CMY abbreviation, called after first letters of these color filters, and we’ll get back to it later.
So What Two Colors Make Blue?
If we want to print blue color, we need two filters: cyan (it eliminates red) and magenta (it eliminates yellow). Similarly, other colors can be created:
To improve the quality of printing and reduce the costs another color was added into the CYM system – black, which could be otherwise created with an application of all three basic filters. This is how today’s most known printing standard CYMK was created. There are several theories what a K means, from being the last letter in black (B is already taken for blue – B in another system, called RGB) to the most believable K for Key, the color which is in most cases applied first for outlining.
But let’s get back to the color blue. Just like all other paints a blue paint is made from a pigment dissolved in a liquid vehicle (like water or oil). Typical paint made by classic procedures is a mixture of pigments (responsible for color), resins (keep pigments in place), solvent (to regulate the viscosity of paint) and additives (for fine tuning the properties of the paint).
Here how a blue pigment, called Fra Angelico, the starting point of so popular ultramarine blue color, is prepared:
This classic blue pigment is made from semi-precious stone Lapis Azuli and is the reason why blue color was for so many centuries reserved only for rich people. Today we have an enormous number of different pigments, some of natural, other of synthetic origin.
Do you need a list of blue pigments? Just read on!
Smalt (Saxon Blue)
Ultramarine (Lapis Lazuli)
Please note, some of these pigments contain toxic chemicals, especially heavy metals, so don’t play with them without prior knowledge and skills to handle them. This article is of mainly informative nature and if you want to know more about blue hues, you can simply check this list of different blue colors.
When we already have a pigment (or more pigments), the procedure goes as follows:
Please be aware of possible fumes, so take safety precautions. With this, we conclude our a bit longish answer to the seemingly simple, yet tricky question: »What makes blue?« See, colors are more of ideas than absolute facts, and each similar question can bring several right answers, all of the different logical concepts based on different perceptions.
This should not stop you from exploring the fascinated world of different colors. Have fun!
Can You Name All The Blue Hues, Shades, Tints, Tones And Other Variations?
There are hundreds of blue shades and we have many examples of a certain color name assigned to different HEX codes. On the other hand several blue colors are known under more than one name. We’ll try to present as many blue tints and hues as possible in slightly different arrangement as you might expect. Each color carries its own story and this article is touching dozens of them.
Blue For Trust And Authority
Blue is used to express and emphasize authority for many centuries. It is no coincidence police uniforms are so often blue or mainly of blue color. Its effect on human psychology is in most cases calming and ancient culture associated it heaven and gods. The reason is obvious: while blue is not so widespread in nature as some other colors, it dominates sky and water, two major elements in nature, both closely associated with divinity.
When King of England (George III) needed color with strong impact to immediately express royalty, several clothiers across the country tried to develop the right color and shade. Ultimately Scutts Bridge Mill won the contest. Queen Charlotte wore the robe in this color, what gave the color an alternative name Queen Blue.
#2B60DE Royal Blue
#002366 Royal Blue (Traditional)
#4169E1 Royal Blue (Web or SVG)
#0038A8 Royal Azure
#7851A9 Royal Purple
With addition of white or black we can instantly create dozens of shades and tints for the same color and with different processes of production and addition of some red or yellow inevitably followed. Especially addition of red led to dramatic changes, what can be seen at royal purple above. It’s actually pretty interesting to find out how many ways are to make color blue, which is szpposed to be a so-called basic or primary color.
Around 1950 another, lighter shade of blue became known as royal and with an introduction of computer graphics (plus numerous limitations, which were gradually changed) and so called web safe colors, we got almost more than we can handle. Simply naming colors with numbers seemed a practical idea, yet it doesn’t guarantee the standardization.
Here are a few more examples of Royal Blue:
#4876FF Royal Blue 1
#436EEE Royal Blue 2
#3A5FCD Royal Blue 3
#27408B Royal Blue 4
#3333FF Royal Blue (Safe Hex3) aka Neon Blue
We are not finished with supreme authority yet. As we already mentioned, blue is named after the queen. Palate, president, celestial and imperium all belong to that category.
#4997D0 Celestial Blue
#002395 Imperial Blue
#273BE2 Palatinate Blue
#302B54 Presidential Blue
#436B95 Queen Blue
Let’s get back to Earth and repressive apparatus where blue instantly creates the feeling of respect and authority.
#39B7CD NYPD Blue
#0BB5FF Police Strobe
#5D8AA8 Air Force Blue
#000080 Navy Blue
#5F9EA0 Cadet Blue
Navy blue, classical color of authority, can be used in very playful ways too, as we can see in the photo above. Its relative cadet blue is softer and even more appropriate for young people or less ceremonial occasions.
There are actually five more Cadet Blue colors, their names being differentiated with numbers only:
#5F9F9F Cadet Blue 1
#98F5FF Cadet Blue 2
#8EE5EE Cadet Blue 3
#7AC5CD Cadet Blue 4
#53868B Cadet Blue 5
And we can present at least five examples officially belonging to the family of navy blue colors as well!
#1974D2 Bright Navy Blue (Crayola)
#091F92 Indigo Dye
#32127A Persian Indigo
#4E5180 Purple Navy
#1D2951 Space Cadet
There are very pragmatic reasons for so many different tints of blue (or other colors). British navy blue, originally called marine blue, was slowly accepted as official color for majority of navies all over the world. But using it in harsh environment with salted water and bright sun, it always faded a bit, so several navies started to use black (believe it or not, it is available in numerous shades, too) which is significantly more resistant to weather conditions.
The final result: everything you might imagine and more!
List of Universities and Schools with Blue Uniforms
For similar reasons Schools and Universities love to include different variations of blue in their coats of arms, uniforms and here we have a selection of ten blue colors named after the prestigious schools, where they are used:
#0070FF Brandeis Blue
#A3C1AD Cambridge Blue
#7BAFD4 Carolina Blue (University of North Carolina)
#9BDDFF Columbia Blue aka Jordy Blue
#001A57 Duke Blue aka Prussian Blue (we’ll find another color with the same name later under different code)
Most of listed colleges changed colors of uniforms during centuries, so don’t be angry if you find some discrepancies among listed blues. We tried to verify each one of them at official web sites, but some of them are not updated, others offer contradictory data, and some info is simply not available.
Duke Blue offers only one of interesting stories, where they started with Yale Blue (their headmaster came from there, but after several changes decided to take #001A57 (Prussian Blue). To make things even more interesting Prussian Blue is also connected with different code (will be added later with its own story).
Columbia Blue, on the other hand, is also known under #9CDDFF and #C4D8E2 codes!
#96C8A2 Eton Blue
#002147 Oxford Blue aka Deep Cyan
#417DC1 Tufts Blue
#3C9BED UCLA Blue
#00356B Yale Blue
For instance, there are two HEX codes associated with it in the web: #0F4D92, also #0E4C92 for Yale Blue color. When we check the official site of Yale University, the answer is simple: #00356B, yet they allow to use blue in two pretty different shades too: #286DC0 in #63AAFF. Oxford Blue is also associated with #2F394D and #374853, and blue of University of California, Los Angeles, is connected with three more codes: #3A9AEC, #536895 in #3284BF.
To be honest – at least two of the presented colors look more green than blue to me, but, hey – who wants to get into disagreement with guys from Cambridge or Eton?
For different reasons several shades of blue color are associated with specific places or even countries.
#0072BB French Blue
#318CE7 Bleu de France
#1034A6 Egyptian Blue
#1C39BB Persain Blue
#0067A5 Medium Persian Blue
Not only countries, smaller entities like islands, harbours or even beaches gave name to specific colors of blue:
#062A78 Catalina Blue
#006DB0 Honolulu Blue
#0095B6 Bondi Blue
#517693 Malta Blue
#42C0FB Caribbean Blue
We’ll get back to water, but before that we still need to check at least one special paint with pretty romantic name – Evening in Paris (yes, there is a fragrance with the same name on the market and it’s also a name for one of popular themed parties). As you can see different paint makers offer different interpretations of this lovely color:
#254280 Evening in Paris (Berger)
#28497A Evening in Paris (Coronado)
#314D8C Evening in Paris (Kelly-Moore)
#315889 Evening in Paris (Cloverdale)
#938FA0 Evening in Paris (Behr)
Sky Blue Colors – Shades
Sky can have countless shades of blue, so we can rightfully expect several shades of sky blue. Only few of them are presented in next series:
#87CEEB Sky Blue
#87CEFF Sky Blue 1
#7EC0EE Sky Blue 2
#6CA6CD Sky Blue 3
#4A708B Sky Blue 4
Apart from these five tones of sky blue, we have five more with almost the same names, differing only by numbers or conventions.
#0099CC Sky Blue 5
#3299CC Sky Blue 6
#80DAEB Sky Blue (Crayola)
#77B5FE Sky Blue (Pourpre.com) aka French Sky Blue
#C0D9D9 Sky Light Blue
But that’s not the end! Sky blue is obviously too generic term, so more detailed names came in the list of blue colors. Light sky blue is one of them and it seems it comes in at least five shades with the same name as well:
#87CEFA Light Sky Blue
#B0E2FF Light Sky Blue 1
#A4D3EE Light Sky Blue 2
#8DB6CD Light Sky Blue 3
#607B8B Light Sky Blue 4
All right, enough of light sky colors. We all know the weather is very changeable, and we can’t expect it will be always sunny. Are you ready for some deeper and more dramatic tones of blue?
#00BFFF Deep Sky Blue aka Capri Blue aka Turquoise Blue
#00B2EE Deep Sky Blue 2
#009ACD Deep Sky Blue 3
#00688B Deep Sky Blue 4
#1B3F8B Alaska Sky
And how about few more sky blues with corresponding HTML codes?
#00AAE4 Sky blue (G&S) aka Spanish Sky Blue
#8CBED6 Sky blue (Pantone) aka Dark Sky Blue
#67C8FF Neon Blue
#4D4DFF Light Neon Blue
#38B0DE Summer Sky Blue
Color of clear sky has its own name – azure and this is how azure color got the name. We can actually offer a full set of azure colors:
#007FFF Azure Blue
#E0EEEE Medium Azure Blue aka Azure2
#C1CDCD Dark Azure Blue aka Azure3
#838B8B Deepest Azure Blue aka Azure4
#F0FFFF Azure Blue (SVG / WEB)
Did you know word azur comes from the very same root as Spanish azul, which is just short from ‘lapis azuli’? Lapis azuli is of course precious stone and we’ll come to that too! Let’s stay at shades of sky for now. When, for instance, the sun goes down, color of the sky changes and that inspired next set of variations:
#003366 Dark Midnight Blue
#000033 Hex Midnight Blue
#2F2F4F Midnight Blue
#191970 Midnight Blue (SVG)
#00009C New Midnight Blue aka Duke Blue
Well, sky was for most of the civilizations home of gods and other supreme deities. Several civilizations placed heaven or similar transcendent places. One of words, used for heaven or heavenly is celeste, so we have a pack of celestial blue tones on the list:
#E6FFFF Celeste Polvere (Dusty)
#CCFFFF Celeste Pallido (Pale)
#CCE6E6 Celeste Velato (Veiled /Overcast)
#80CCCC Celeste Opaco (Opaque)
Did you notice, we have already made a sub-list of fourty variations of sky blue colors?
Water Is Blue Too – Aqua Blue Colors With HEX Codes
The other dominant element in nature in blue color is water. Aqua is Latin for water, so we can start right here, with a series of aqua blue colors.
#00FFFF Aqua (Safe 16 SVG Hex3) aka Cyan
#BCD4E6 Pale Aqua aka Beau Blue
#88D8C0 Pearl Aqua
#66CCCC Aqua (Safe Hex3)
#05B8CC Aqua Cerulean
If we need blue shades more closely related to specific types of water, or waters with geographic names, here they are:
#35586C Pacific Blue aka Neon Blue
#7D7F94 The Nile Blue
#4CB7A5 Blue Lagoon
#67E6EC Swimming Pool Blue
#2B65EC Ocean Blue
Each of North American Great Lakes has its own specific color:
#6183A6 Lake Eerie
#5D7B93 Lake Huron
#50A6C2 Lake Michigan
#4D71A3 Lake Ontario
#506987 Lake Superior
Let’s try to compare them by satellite photo:
Well, these colors apparently vary with weather conditions and we can’t expect total match for all the tones. It’s better to continue with more tints and shades of blue. We are still at different states of water:
#74BBFB Blue Ice
#ACE5EE Blizzard Blue
#82CFFD Blue Mist
#AF96D1 Spindrift Blue
We are not over with nonliving nature. Blue can be found in several minerals and first pigments came from some of them. Lapis Azuli is probably most famous of them. Its beauty and rarity is one of the main reasons why blue was in so many places considered as a special color, reserved for nobility and members of highest social classes.
List Of Blueish Colors Named After Minerals
Here we have a list of blues named after precious or semiprecious stones. Rember? Official history of blue color started with Lapis Lazuli!
#26619C Lapis Lazuli
#73A9C2 Moonstone Blue
#0EBFE9 Diamond Blue
Lapis Lazuli, already magnificent with its deep blue color, often occurs in nature mixed with pyrite, known by its goldish glare, as we can see in the photo below. On the right is presented made pigment, the base of most expensive color for Renaissance painters. It’s called Ultramarine. Other four stones in the series all occur in different colors, but here are represented only in blue variations.
While we already mentioned pigments, we can present several classic blue pigments with appropriate hexadecimal codes:
Remember? All this started with Lapis Lazuli! Let’s continue with another semi-precious stone, this time, known in several of blueish tones.
#4E78A0 Aquamarine Blue
#66CDAA Medium Aquamarine
#32CD99 Darkened Medium Aquamarine
#76EEC6 Darkened Aquamarine
We can’t continue without another important blue tone, which is always mixed with green. Sometimes green dominates, what can be seen below at color scales and corresponding names.
#00FFEF Turquoise Blue
#34DDDD Turquoise Hex Web
#00E5EE Standard Turquoise aka Turquoise 2
#00C5CD Deep Turquoise aka Turquoise 3
Believe it or not, we managed to compile a list of 15 turquoise colors altogether!
#AFEEEE Light Turquoise aka Pale Blue aka Pale Turquoise
#BBFFFF Paled Turquoise aka Light Turquoise
#668B8B Deepest Pale Turquoise
#48D1CC Medium Turquoise
#00CED1 Dark Turquoise
Did you know turquoise color got its name after Turkey (French term ‘pierre tuquoise’ translates as ‘Turkish stone’)? While the origin of ancient turquoise was probably area of today’s Iran, European traders got it on Turkish bazaars, what means we know at least two famous items from Turkey (turkey, the bird, originating in South America, and turquoise, precious stone, originating in Persia), not being from Turkey at all!
#00868B Darkest Turquoise
#32C6A6 Pearl Mystic Turquoise
#00F5FF Shocking Turquoise
#5E7D7E Grayish Turquoise
#A0D6B4 Green Turquoise
To round up the set we also included Green Turquoise, which already belongs to the family of green colors, but the situation with turquoise was always on the fence – blueish green or greenish blue. Some of these HTML codes are also known under different names.
Blue is one of so called cool colors. It should be no surprise to find it in various connections with different metals and other inorganic substances.
#3D59AB Cobalt Blue
#6666FF Cobalt Light
#003399 Smalt aka Dark Powder Blue
#2E37FE Stained Glass Blue
#236B8E Blue Steel
Steel obviously inspired whole family of blue colors. Please, beware – Blue Steel is not the same as Steel Blue!
#63B8FF Steel Blue
#5CACEE Steel Blue 2
#4F94CD Steel Blue 3
#36648B Steel Blue 4
#4682B4 Livid Steel Blue
Here are five variations of Light Steel Blue color.
#B0C4DE Light Steel Blue
#CAE1FF Light Steel Blue 1
#BCD2EE Light Steel Blue 2
#A2B5CD Light Steel Blue 3
#6E7B8B Light Steel Blue 4
We are still in the inorganic area, slowly moving from metals to more amorphous structures.
#ADB2BD Aluminium Blue
#73B1B7 Old Copper
#000F89 Phthalo Blue
#50729F Blue Stone
#B0E0E6 Powder Blue
Let’s digress from the materials for a moment or two: one of the colors above (Phthalo Blue) is actually commercially known by many different names: Helio Blue, Monastral Blue, Thalo Blue, Winsor Blue and also British Rail Blue. It’s known by it’s chemistry names and abbreviations Copper Tetrabenzoporphyrazine, C.I. Copper Phthalocyanine Blue, Cu-Phthalo Blue, Phthalocyanine Blue or simply CuPc. Thanks to its light fastness, opacity, spreading capacity, stability (resistance to acids and alkalies) and brilliant hue it is widely used in dyes and paints.
Now back to the main story … Slate has its own family of blues as well.
#6A5ACD Slate Blue
#836FFF Light Slate Blue
#7A67EE Slate Blue 2
#6959CD Slate Blue 3
#473C8B Slate Blue 4
There are even more Slate colors, some of them looking very blueish too, but they officially belong to the group of grey colors. Shall we move to living nature instead?
List Of Blue Colors, Named After Flowers
First blue pigments were made out of minerals, but real mass production started only after herb extraction was perfected. Many different flowers were used and this for instance resulted in whole family of cornflower blues:
#6495ED Cornflower Blue
#93CCEA Light Cornflower Blue (Crayola)
#ABCDEF Pale Cornflower Blue
#344152 Blue Corn
The most famous (and stable) vegetable dye is of course Indigo, with one of variations already mentioned above at navy blue colors. Here we have five more:
#2E0854 Dark Indigo
#6F00FF Electric Indigo
#4B0082 Indigo (SVG)
#72587F Indigo Tile
Next set is occupied by two flowers: periwinkle and lavender.
#AAAAFF Cute Periwinkle (Hex 3)
#B57EDC Lavender Blue (Floral)
#E6E6FA Lavender Mist Lavender (Web)
#9457EB Lavender Indigo
Both colors are known in many variations, often verging on purple or violet, sometimes on grey.
While blue is by no means among most prevalent colors in animal world, we can still find numerous examples of blue colors named after animals. Shall we start in water?
#6996AD Blue Shark
#42647F Whale Blue
#687C97 Tuna Blue
#6F7285 Dolphin Blue
#46C7C7 Jellyfish Blue
In animal world the color often serves as camouflage and colors of fish (and sea mammals) are not particularly attractive. Jellyfish, on the other hand uses its color as kind of warning. We also already know blue is popular in the air and animal world is no exception:
#4973AB Blue Bird
#33A1C9 Peacock Blue
#1D7CF2 Peafowl Blue
#96DED1 Pale Robin Egg Blue
#C3E4ED Robin’s Egg Blue
Some animals live in water and in the air almost equivalently. A small freshwater duck with typical blueish greenish stripe on the wings is fine example. Yes, teal is another name for that kind of duck, and yes again, we have full set of teal colors!
#367588 Teal Blue
#00FFCC Light Teal
#388E8E SGI Teal
#05EDFF Teal LED
To round up the number, we compiled five more blue colors of animals!
#003EFF Cichild Blue
#3579DC Parrot Blue
#5D92B1 Blue Sponge
#1464F4 Ulysses Butterfly Blue
#88ACE0 Blue Cow aka Moo Blue
How about people? Blue is the most popular color in the world among men and women. A few artists were so much in love with it that certain shades got the name after them. Let’s see, what we got:
#6050DC Majorelle Blue
#0047AB Parrish Blue aka Cobalt Blue
#4D6FAC Pollock Blue
#0276FD Picasso Blue
#739AC5 Seurat Blue
Here are full names of painters who inspired the aforementioned names:
Jacques Majorelle (7 March 1886 – 14 October 1962)
Maxfield Parrish (25 July 1870 – 30 March 1966)
Paul Jackson Pollock (28 January 1912 – 11 August 1956)
Pablo Ruiz y Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973)
Georges-Pierre Seurat (2 December 1859 – 29 March 1891)
David’s Bridal Dress Colors
In recent years several companies started to invent their own names for colors of their products and the wedding industry is a fine example of such practice. David’s Bridal, for instance, is an American clothier, specialized in formal wear, especially for weddings. Their colorful wedding dresses for brides and bridesmaids are extremely popular and so are their colors. These don’t have publicly known HTML codes, but thanks to our tools we can recreate pretty good approximations, so you can try few combinations on your own without actually going to the store or order samples.
Here is the first series, sometimes called Ocean:
#81CDC9 Spa #74C6D4 Pool #00B2D0 Malibu #1C83B1 Pacific #00829A Oasis
The second series of blue colors at David’s Bridal is called (how appropriately – Out of the Blue)
I have to admit, these two series are not complete, because I tried to stay within five colors per series, so a few colors failed to qualify. Here they are, together with two more blueish hues from David’s Bridal coloring scheme for brides and bridesmaids:
#03807C Jade #005162 Gem (from Ocean) #E0F2F2 Sea Glass (from Out of the Blue) #0D3662 Marine (from Out of the Blue) #01A7A8 Mermaid
We are not over yet. One more shade is still there (Ice Blue) and I decided to add four more from Alfred Angelo’s own scheme, this time from their blue ties for grooms and groomsmen:
#92B1D7 Ice Blue (still from David’s Bridal) #86C2B6 Aqua (by Alfred Angelo) #117597 Bermuda Blue (by Alfred Angelo) #115965 Dark Pacific (by Alfred Angelo) #1D2F5F Ink (by Alfred Angelo)
What do you say? Time to switch to more artistic waters?
#2762EA RGB (39,98,234) Cobalt Blue Cerulean by Lascaux #34287C RGB (52,40,124) Ultramarine Blue by Golden (Heavy Body) #1B1E47 RGB (27,30,71) Old Delft Blue by Old Holland #18599B RGB (24,89,155) Phthalo Blue by Daler-Rowney #002FA7 RGB (0,47,167) Yves Klein Blue aka International Klein Blue aka IKB
This is only a start – four popular acrylic colors in comparison with one of the most interesting blue shades in the history. It is said it posses a glow like none other blue color. Yves Klein (1928-1968) was French artist who composed this very special shade from ultramarine pigment (it was made by paint supplier Edoard Adam) and synthetic resin named Medium Adam 25. It was the resin, used as a binder, which supposed to give uniqueness to the color. Klein used this color to bath the models, who, under his guidance, rolled, danced and brushed against papers and canvasses to make spectacular art works.
It’s said IKB can’t be reproduced, but the truth is rather in the lack of commercial interest by manufacturers. Well, it’s up to you to find the magic in this (or any other shade of blue), but if you started to like acrylic paints, here is also a growing post about acrylics for beginners …
My basic goal – to compile 50 shades of blue soon changed into one hundred and now this article offers more than two hundred (exactly 255 hues at the moment) variations of blue color, what officially results in the largest list of blue variations with corresponding HTML (HEX) codes on the web. My intention is to make it even longer – to achieve at least 300 different blues by the end of 2017. If you find this list, which took me hundreds of hours to collect, check and re-check, interesting, please, share it with your friends. It will inspire me to expand it as far as I could, maybe up to three hundred!
So you wanna know how to draw roses, the most romantic flowers in the world?
There are several ways of drawing roses and all them are essentially pretty simple. We’ll explore some of them, going from the most easy to more difficult ones.
Have your pencil ready. You can start with a circle, continue with a spiral, add petals in several groups from inside out. Add a stem and don’t forget the thorns. Now you can erase unnecessary lines and draw the rose to the color of your choice. sounds too easy? Well, it actually is easy! If you are confident enough, you can skip the part with a pencil and go right with the pen. You can draw a rose in less than a minute!
There is another, a bit more complicated way to make internal part of the bloom, which is still very simple and perfectly suitable for beginners. Feel free to check next video as well:
If you would like to show your rose in different perspective, I have found another video with a great step by step presentation. Who said beginners can’t aim at astonishing results? Please note how much can be done with shadows!
We all know roses have kind of personality, which was explored in numerous ways in literature and other media. You can find out more about the roses with their amazing symbolism in the next article:
And finally one more a bit more demanding tutorial with more detailed instructions, first to draw a rose in pencil and ink, and after that with an upgrade – color it with different shades of color red, to achieve really realistic and attractive result at the same time. Of course this tutorial is much more time consuming, but the rose will look spectacular!
Remember, there is no right or wrong way to draw a rose, because each one of them is unique and so is our perception of these gentle flowers. I hope you have find your favorite way of drawing a rose. If you decide to show it on-line, please let me know in the comments section below!
So you wanna know what colors go good together? Well, it actually depends on the effect you want to achieve. But while in theory everything may work, in reality some colors proved to be great leading colors in certain situations (cleaning industry loves blue, which is a big no no in food industry, for instance) and same is true for certain combinations.
When you want to make a statement in sport dress, you will probably think about strong primary colors, but if you are choosing a wedding theme, anything pale (with a large addition of white) will probably work much better.
In any case, it is good to start with a color wheel. Here are the basics (and by the way, we’ll not go into details with RGB or CMY wheels, because this is way over the intention of this post):
Primary colors can’t be mixed from other colors. These are yellow, red and blue.
Secondary colors are made from two primary colors in 1 : 1 ratio. Orange is from yellow and red. Purple from red and blue. Green from blue and yellow. We can see them in color wheel exactly on the half way between yellow and red, red and blue, or blue and yellow.
Tertiary colors are combinations of two primary colors in 1 : 2 ratio. There is six combinations: orange and yellow (amber), yellow and green (chartreuse), green and blue (teal), blue and purple (violet), violet and red (magenta), or red and orange (vermilion).
Colors on the outer circumference are fully saturated. Every inner step has higher percent of white (in this case 12,5%), what progressively makes lighter (pale) tints right to the center, where everything turns white. Red, for instance slowly turns to white through different shades of pink.
Now about the combinations. There is no definite answer, so look at the presented examples only as ideas and general directions to find you personal winner.
You don’t use colors in this case, only black, white and gray in different shades. The effect is elegant and classy, works great in business world and everywhere where we want to emphasize seriousness, loyalty and similar traditional values. It is easy on the eyes, but can soon become boring. So if we want to add a bit of drama, we can play with patterns.
You take one dominant color and her closest neighbors from the color wheel. This is very often combination in nature and can work very natural on your walls, paintings or clothes. Red, orange and amber would be fine example. You need at least three colors and you have plenty of variations with saturation or tint to achieve similar effect to achromatic and monochromatic, yet having more place for playing with combinations to be more lively without sacrificing the harmony. Just don’t mix warm and cold colors or exaggerate with total number of used colors.
Do you need some drama? Usage of colors which are direct opposites in the color wheel can give you exactly that. Think about red and green. Yellow and violet. Blue and orange. These color combinations are always vibrant and very effective if you want to stand out. If you want to be seen, wear green pants and red jacket. Go with pale shades of pants if you don’t want to be seen from more than one mile and use black belt to cut the contrast, if you are daring, but not showy.
Any two colors can be used in dichromatic color scheme, but some work much better than the others. Positions in the color wheel are totally unimportant in this case. You should choose both colors after considering the final effect you want to achieve. Two color themes are quite popular for painting the walls of modern homes and most of the best combinations include pale shades of brown with other pastels (think green or purple or even blue). If you opt for more lively colors, you can very soon become too flashy.
Didadic scheme is variation of dichromatic color scheme with one major limitation. You can use only colors which are separated by one (unused) color on the color wheel. Chartreuse and teal or red and purple are fine examples of this combination.
It is variation of achromatic scheme (or vice versa), but in this case we have one leading color (maybe blue, maybe teal, maybe green) combined with the same color in different shades or tints. This way we can achieve more lively effect than at achromatic scene or make some artistic statement. Sepia photos are great example of monochromatic scheme. Be careful – this combination lacks contrast. If you need more life in your final result, go for analogous scheme.
This is combination of one neutral color (sometimes called earth tone color), what basically means brown and gray in different tints, with an addition of black or any other color which neutralize them. Neutral colors are easy on the eyes, have a soothing, relaxing effect and can go well together with almost any other color, if it is used wisely.
8. Trichromatic (and Tetrachromatic)
Any three colors from the color wheel can be used, but in reality the combination works well if one of the chosen colors is dominant and other two are used only as accent. One successful way is to have an energetic color with two (or three) pale colors to keep the balance. In this groups we can find several subgroups based on the relative positions of used colors in the color wheel: triadic or tetradic (perfect triangle or square), split complementary (two neighbors of the complimentary color to the dominant color), rectangle (like square, but with two complementary pairs), split analogous (all used colors are only separated by one unused color), primary (all three primary colors are used), secondary (all three secondary colors are used) etc.
Please note: one the picture above only the colors from the corners are used in every of the three presented situations.
We could go on and on, but you probably get the idea about the colors that go well together.
Mandala is the expression of all life. It is the path of individuation.
Carl Jung, one of the most influential psychologist
In its simplified explanation a mandala is a symbolic representation of Universe. The word mandala comes from Sanskrit’s word for circle or completion.
A circle always had strong symbolic meanings through human history. With its closed but also never ending line it represents limitations and infinity at the same time. The transience of one’s life which is is sentenced to end at the very moment when it begins and can also expand in virtual infinity through transfer of genes.
For many centuries a circle was and still is used as a protection symbol. Person standing inside a circle can’t be hurt by evil and unknown powers from the outside. Energy inside the circle also can’t be released across the line.
Mandala is important part of spiritual and meditating rituals in Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism. Especially in Tibetan Buddhism many sacral objects like temples are built as giant mandalas. We can think of mandala as a kind of palace with four gates, one on the each of four sides of the world. Mandala is always constructed of several layers around the center, each layer representing kind of protective barrier which should be passed to achieve a certain virtue behind. For instance: circle of fire represents wisdom.
Mandalas can be drawn, painted or built with different materials on different surfaces, but with a bit of experience we can find them in nature as well. The basic form with a circle around the center can be found in cells, blossoms, shells, crystals, solar systems and galaxies. Even the classic model of atom can be understood as kind of mandala.
Tibetan sand mandalas are well known by their beauty. A lot of time and a lot of skill is spend to construct such mandala and it is typically relatively short lived construction, but this fact is actually important part of its charm. Simple and very satisfying family activity can be picking the pebbles of different colors on the shore and using them to make a simple mandala. Alternative materials can be incorporated as well. Just check the one with shells in the photo below!
Lately mandalas are more and more used in therapy. A construction, painting and visualization of mandalas can be powerful tool to improve one’s creativity through concentration and meditation. Coloring sheets of mandalas are very popular among adults and children. Carl Jung explained mandalas as the expression of one’s intense personal grow and his most known follower Marie Louise von Franz associated them with a need to restore of something from past or creation of something new, with both being connected through kind of ascending spiral. With addition of symbolic meanings of colors we can make thing very complex in no time at all.
To make you even closer to the topic, maybe even convince you to create something new on your own, and of course to understand even better what is mandala, I conclude this post with few coloring pages of mandalas.
It seems some things are inevitable in certain areas. Just like a classic painter needs to learn about watercolors, everybody who learns about drawing, sooner or later bumps into manga, one of the most popular drawing styles in the world. It looks children are particularly fond of it. If you want to help your kid at drawing (you can read about numerous benefits here), it’s very likely manga with its distinguished and appealing style can be of big help.
To warm you up, I prepared some free manga clip art:
And some quick facts about manga:
Manga market is worth billions of dollars a year with constant growing in international markets where different variations of manga were developed.
Word manga is of Chinese origin and can be translated as ‘whimsical drawings’ and is used for comics originally published in Japan. But in Japan manga is used for all kinds of cartoons and anime is used for all kinds of animated movies.
Manga cartoons are typically published in magazines (first was published in 1874) with many different series, each presented with only single episode. The most popular episodes not only survive, but can be also republished in stand alone editions and animated (what produced so called anime).
Although most of people in the West experience manga in vibrant colors, majority of this genre is produced in black and white. To achieve more visually appealing and dramatic effect, different patterns are typically used for characters, backgrounds and details.
Classic manga (published in Japan) is by no means limited to kids-only market. It deals with many adult themes and even if the profile of the reader is a child, it can be much more complex and dark than the usual comic for kids in the West.
So you want to learn how to draw manga?
Web is full of lessons, but majority of good stuff is payable. Before you dive into unnecessary expenses, I prepared few useful links to help you started. I hope you can benefit from them.
Beware – the lesson above is only the first in the series (link to part two is included at the bottom of the page)
O.k., that’s for start. I wish you a lot of inspiration and have fun!
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